Micromachining of integrated optical structures

Harriott, L. R.; Scotti, R. E.; Cummings, K. D.; Ambrose, A. F.
June 1986
Applied Physics Letters;6/23/1986, Vol. 48 Issue 25, p1704
Academic Journal
Three-dimensional features have been milled into optical materials by scanning a submicron focused gallium ion beam. Different shapes are obtained using computer controlled beam placement and dwell time during sputtering. We have used this technique to create micron-sized facets and reflectors in the active areas of semiconductor lasers. Light output and quantum efficiency measurements indicate that these features are of sufficient quality to fabricate monolithic integrated optical devices. Some of the applications currently being investigated are laser-detector pairs, coupled cavity lasers, lasers with integral lenses, distributed feedback lasers, confocal cavities, and laser cavity length tuning.


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