Single mode magneto-optic waveguide films

Wolfe, R.; Hegarty, J.; Luther, L. C.; Wood, D. L.
February 1986
Applied Physics Letters;2/24/1986, Vol. 48 Issue 8, p508
Academic Journal
A novel triple layer film is described which provides single mode propagation in a magneto-optically active waveguide of convenient thickness. All three layers are modified yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films grown by liquid phase epitaxy on a gadolinium gallium garnet substrate. The top film is the active layer, several microns thick. The middle layer is similar but it has a slightly smaller refractive index to assure single mode operation of the top layer. The bottom layer has high optical absorption to eliminate all of the higher order modes which are propagated in the triple layer and a slightly higher refractive index to prevent the confinement of any modes to the top two low loss layers. Using a praseodymium YIG film as the absorbing layer, 17 TE modes were propagated at 1.51 μm where the Pr absorption is low but only the TE0 mode was observed at 1.48 and 1.54 μm where the Pr absorption is high. Such triple layer garnet films will be useful in all magneto-optic waveguide devices.


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