Pnp GaAs/Ge/Ge phototransistor grown by molecular beam epitaxy: Implications for bipolar and hot-electron transistors

Chand, N.; Klem, J.; Morkoç, H.
February 1986
Applied Physics Letters;2/17/1986, Vol. 48 Issue 7, p484
Academic Journal
In order to exploit the potential of GaAs/Ge heterojunctions for high-speed heterojunction bipolar transistors and hot-electron transistors, a Pnp GaAs/Ge floating base phototransistor, sensitive to 1.1–1.55-μm wavelength range, was made. The gallium-doped Ge substrate was first exposed to the As2 flux in the growth chamber of a molecular beam epitaxy system to form a pn junction in Ge. This was followed by the growth of a p-type Be-doped GaAs layer which served as the emitter. The fabricated mesa devices showed an optical gain of 85 at 1.15 μm incident wavelength. The gain was found to be nearly independent of the incident light power indicating good quality of the GaAs/Ge heterointerface.


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