High quality molecular beam epitaxial growth on patterned GaAs substrates

Smith, John Stephen; Derry, Pamela L.; Margalit, Shlomo; Yariv, Amnon
October 1985
Applied Physics Letters;10/1/1985, Vol. 47 Issue 7, p712
Academic Journal
In this letter we describe a procedure for high quality molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth over finely patterned GaAs substrates which is suitable for device fabrication requiring lateral definition of small (∼1–2 μm) dimension. This method was used for the fabrication of index guided laser arrays. Yields of individual lasers exceeded 90%, and thresholds were uniform to 10%. Temperature and flux ratio dependence of faceting during MBE growth over patterned substrates is shown for temperatures ranging from 580 to 700 °C and for As/Ga flux ratios from 1.4:1 to 4:1. The real index guided structure, which can be formed by a single MBE growth over a ridged substrate, is discussed. This technique should prove useful in the fabrication of devices which take advantage of unique features formed during regrowth by MBE.


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