TITLE

COMPARISON OF PORE SIZE ANALYSIS OF EXISTING AND EXPERIMENTAL SURGICAL GOWNS

AUTHOR(S)
Kishwar, Farzana; Hanif, Asif; Kalsoom, Samia; Alam, Shahzad; Sohail, Mohammad Tariq; Ijaz, Mehreen
PUB. DATE
October 2014
SOURCE
Professional Medical Journal;2014, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p804
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Majority of the public and private sector hospitals are using reusable gowns and scrubs whereas only a few hospitals are using disposable ones. Protection during surgery is very important both for the patient as well as for the surgeon. The reasons are not only hygienic but also creating a barrier so that the bacteria and the viruses do not transfer from patient to doctor and vice versa. The surgical gowns have been in use for many decades. With the advancements in the field of manufacturing (weaving and finishing), the quality of gowns has been improving over the period of time. In Pakistan, there is no awareness yet regarding the construction of surgical apparels viz. surgical gowns and scrubs so no standards are being followed as such during the manufacturing (weaving & finishing) of surgical apparels. For effective barrier function of surgical gowns and scrubs, it is necessary for them to comply with certain standards in terms of physical characteristics viz. mass per unit area, number of threads per unit length, tensile strength etc. The idea behind this study was to evaluate the physical characteristics of surgical gowns and scrubs currently being used in different public sector hospitals of Lahore. Objectives: (1) To evaluate the pore size of existing and experimental surgical gowns being used in different hospitals of Lahore. (2) To compare the pore size analysis of existing surgical gowns with experimental surgical gowns. Study Design: Experimental study design was used. Duration: January 2014- April 2014. Materials and Methods: Samples of fabric used for making surgical gowns and scrubs were collected from different hospitals of Lahore and evaluated for pore size with the help of optic microscope. For experimental gowns the fabric was developed according to the international standards. Pore size of surgical gowns was measured with the help of scanning electron microscope. Results: The results showed large pores in existing surgical gown. No length or width wise pores in the experimental surgical gowns fabric except there are tiny holes of 0.5 after 20 launderings. The existing reusable surgical gowns did not offer any resistance against bacterial penetration because of large pores. Conclusions: The fabric used for the existing surgical gowns was not up to the mark and did show large pores under microscope. The experimental surgical gown showed no pores in the fabric structure when subjected to scanning electron microscope. The functional ability of resistance against bacterial penetration of the surgical gowns is important because the risk of SSI. If the patient develops SSI weather it is grades 1, 2 or 3, the cost is significant. The cost effectiveness of the existing reusable surgical gowns becomes insignificant as none of the existing surgical gowns offer any resistance against bacterial penetration and the risk of SSI with subsequent treatment cost. Necessary guidelines can be formulated and proposed to the concerned departments of various hospitals, in the light of which they can design some specifications and select appropriate materials for surgical apparels in future.
ACCESSION #
98177680

 

Related Articles

  • EFFECTS OF SOAKING ON YIELD AND QUALITY OF AGARWOOD OIL. Fazila, K. Nor; Halim, K. H. Ku // Journal of Tropical Forest Science;Oct2012, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p557 

    The aims of this study were to investigate vaporisation temperature of agarwood oil, determine enlargement of wood pore size, analyse chemical components in soaking solvents and examine the chemical composition of agarwood oil extracted from soaked and unsoaked agarwood. Agarwood chips were...

  • Tuning the Pore Size of Monodisperse SBA-15 Spheres. Cong GUO; Mouzheng LIU; Wenzhi LI // Advanced Materials Research;2015, Vol. 1120-1121, p183 

    A flexible, controllable and facile synthesis route was presented in the synthesis of spherical particles of mesoporous SBA-15 with diameter up to 28 nm, and particle diameter of 3-5 µm. The structures and morphology of these materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD),...

  • The Pore Size Distribution of Naturally Porous Cigarette Paper and its Relation to Permeability and Diffusion Capacity. Eitzinger, Bernhard; Gleinser, Maria; Bachmann, Stefan // Contributions to Tobacco Research;Sep2015, Vol. 26 Issue 7, p312 

    The pore size distribution of cigarette paper determines its air permeability and diffusion capacity and thereby has a significant influence on the gas exchange of a cigarette through the cigarette paper during smoking and during smouldering. For the design of cigarettes and in particular of...

  • THE VALIDATION PROCESS OF THE METHOD OF BALANCING GAS CONTAINED IN THE PORE SPACE OF ROCKS VIA ROCK COMMINUTION. KUDASIK, MATEUSZ; PAJDAK, ANNA; SKOCZYLAS, NORBERT // Archives of Mining Sciences;12/1/2018, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p989 

    The article discusses the validation process of a certain method of balancing gas contained in the pore space of rocks. The validation was based upon juxtaposition of the examination of rocks' porosity and the effects of comminution in terms of assessing the possibility of opening the pore...

  • Latest Medical Applications of Polypropylene. van Lierde, Stijn // Medical Device Technology;Jun2004, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p33 

    This article focuses on Polypropylene's success in medical applications. It's success is attributed to its technical parameters such as improved transparency and ease of processing. Nonwoven fabrics are one of the largest medical applications of Polypropylene and products include surgical and...

  • SOLVE COMMON INDUSTRIAL PROBLEMS WITH Automated SEM Analyses. Bierman, Brian J. // Quality;Jun2010, Vol. 49 Issue 6, p34 

    The article focuses on the significance of the scanning electron microscopes (SEM) to solve the problem of the industrial manufacturers. It states that SEM analysis allows more particles to be analyzed per unit time allowing for efficient and more complete sample characterization. It notes that...

  • Plasmochemical process for the production of niobium and tantalum nanopowders. Grabis, Janis; Munter, Rein; Blagoveshchenskiy, Yuri; Gorkunov, Valeri; Yamshchikov, Leonid // Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences;2012, Vol. 61 Issue 2, p137 

    Niobium and tantalum powders used in modern manufacturing are materials with nanostructure. The authors have studied and optimized the process of the production of niobium and tantalum nanopowders (adjusted in the range of the particle size of 20-150 nm) at pilot scale. The process is based on...

  • A Quantitative Model of Keyhole Instability Induced Porosity in Laser Welding of Titanium Alloy. Pang, Shengyong; Chen, Weidong; Wang, Wen // Metallurgical & Materials Transactions. Part A;Jun2014, Vol. 45 Issue 6, p2808 

    Quantitative prediction of the porosity defects in deep penetration laser welding has generally been considered as a very challenging task. In this study, a quantitative model of porosity defects induced by keyhole instability in partial penetration CO laser welding of a titanium alloy is...

  • Pioneers of Adsorption Science 1. Stephen Brunauer. Sing, Kenneth S. W. // Adsorption Science & Technology;2014, Vol. 32 Issue 5, p343 

    Aspects of the life and work of the eminent scientist Stephen Brunauer (1903-1986) are described from a personal standpoint. Particular attention is given to Brunauer's collaboration with Emmett and Teller, his service to the U.S. Navy and his post-war research on the surface properties of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics