Nitride microlens arrays for blue and ultraviolet wavelength applications

Oder, T. N.; Shakya, J.; Lin, J. Y.; Jiang, H. X.
May 2003
Applied Physics Letters;5/26/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 21, p3692
Academic Journal
Nitride microlens arrays with sizes as small as 10 µm in diameter have been fabricated on GaN and AlN epilayers using the method of photoresist reflow and inductively coupled plasma dry etching. The focal lengths of the microlenses varied from 7-30 µm as determined by theoretical fitting as well as by the near-field scanning optical microscopy measurement. Scanning electron and atomic force microscopies were used to obtain the surface profile of the microlenses which were found to match very well with hemispherical fitting and a surface roughness value around 1 nm was obtained. Nitride microlens arrays would be naturally chosen for green/blue to deep ultraviolet wavelength applications. In addition, nitride microlenses offer the possibility of integrating nitride-based microsize photonic devices as well as of coupling light into, out of, and between arrays of III-nitride emitters for other applications, such as spatially resolved fluorescence spectroscopy studies of biological and medical systems and optical links, thereby further expanding the applications of III nitrides.


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