Detwinning YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7-δ] thin films

Nam, J.; Hughes, R. A.; Dabkowski, A.; Preston, J. S.
May 2003
Applied Physics Letters;5/26/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 21, p3728
Academic Journal
Single crystals of YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub 7-δ] (YBCO) have been detwinned under the simultaneous application of heat and uniaxial stress. This approach, however, has proved futile in thin films as they become heavily twinned due to strain from the underlying substrate as well as the orthorhombic unit cell. This lack of control over twinning has made it difficult to determine the role that twins play in determining the transport properties of films. Here, we present a technique for detwinning YBCO thin films. The detwinning in YBCO thin film is achieved by suspending a portion of the YBCO film above the underlying substrate. The suspended material is no longer influenced by the confining effects of the substrate and this allows it to detwin under the application of a uniaxial stress brought about by an anneal. With this technique, we are able to produce high-quality detwinned regions that will help aid the understanding of transport mechanisms in YBCO.


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