TITLE

Vibrational and geometric structures of Nb3C2 and Nb3C+2 from pulsed field ionization-zero electron kinetic energy photoelectron spectra and density functional calculations

AUTHOR(S)
Yang, Dong-Sheng; Zgierski, Marek Z.; Bérces, Attila; Hackett, Peter A.; Roy, Pierre-Nicholas; Martinez, Ana; Carrington, Tucker; Salahub, Dennis R.; Fournier, René; Pang, Tao; Chen, Changfeng
PUB. DATE
December 1996
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;12/22/1996, Vol. 105 Issue 24, p10663
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Vibrational frequencies of three niobium normal modes of triniobium dicarbide neutral and cation have been determined from pulsed field ionization-zero electron kinetic energy photoelectron spectra. The niobium stretching mode has a frequency of 326 cm[SUP-1]in the neutral and 339 cm[SUP-1]in the ion. The two deformation modes have frequencies of 238 and 82 cm[SUP-1]in the neutral and a degenerate frequency of 258 cm[SUP-1]in the ion. The geometry of the triniobium dicarbide has been established by comparing the experimental spectra with theoretical calculations. The cluster has a trigonal bipyramid geometry with carbon atoms capping on each face of the metal frame. The cation cluster has D[SUB3h] symmetry whereas the neutral cluster has lower symmetry resulting from a Jahn-Teller distortion. A second low-lying structure with doubly bridging carbon atoms has been identified by the calculations but has not yet been observed.
ACCESSION #
9815296

 

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