TITLE

فجوة الاتصال والمعلوماتية بين أوروبا والعرب: الطباعة والمطبعة في البلاد العربية أنموذجا

AUTHOR(S)
الموسى, عصام سليمان
PUB. DATE
April 2014
SOURCE
Jordan Journal of Social Sciences;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p252
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The Introduction of the printing press into the Ottoman Empire, and thereof Arab countries which constituted a major component of that Empire, was delayed as a result of a religious fatwa (edict) for about four centuries. Arab lands were first conquered by the Turks in 1516, around the time when printing, was invented by Gutenberg in 1439 marked the coming of the Second Communication Revolution, spread widely in the European continent. By the end of the 15th century A.D., around 2500 printing presses were found in European towns, with 15 million books printed, bringing awakening to that continent. But In the Ottoman Empire, the religious fatwa banned the use of the Printing press as sacrilegious to Muslims. However, religious minorities were excluded of this fatwa, and the first Jewish printing press was found in 1492. Arab Christians' printing presses were first introduced in 1610 in a monastery in present-day Lebanon. Arab Christian presses were of immense value as they helped preserve Arab culture generally. The ban for Muslims ended in 1727, and the first printing house was built in Istanbul a year later. Few books were printed then, but a revolution followed in 1730 leading to the destruction of the press, dethroning of the Sultan and the murder of his prime minister. The following years witnessed the reinstitution of the printing press, which published in 100 years, until 1828, not more than 98 books, averaging one book per year, a clear indication of the slow pace of progress in the Empire. But, in Arab lands, the printing press was not introduced until the first half of the 19th century. Stringent press-laws followed. As a result, four centuries separated Arabs from the benefit of the press, bringing growth to a standstill, creating a cultural gap with Europe.
ACCESSION #
97926023

 

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