Magnetic field pitch angle diagnostic using the motional Stark effect (invited)

Levinton, F. M.; Gammel, G. M.; Kaita, R.; Kugel, H. W.; Roberts, D. W.
October 1990
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct90, Vol. 61 Issue 10, p2914
Academic Journal
The Stark effect has been employed irt a novel technique for obtaining the pitch angle profile and q(r) using polarimetry measurements of the Doppler shifted H[sub α] emission from a hydrogen diagnostic neutral beam. As a neutral beam propagates through a plasma, collisions of the beam particles with the background ions and electrons will excite beam atoms, leading to emission of radiation. The motional Stark effect, which arises from the electric field induced in the atom's rest frame due to the beam motion across the magnetic field (E = V[sub beam] × B), causes a wavelength splitting of several angstroms and polarization of the emitted radiation. The Δm = ± 1 transitions, or σ components, from the beam fluorescence are linearly polarized parallel to the direction of the local magnetic field when viewed transverse to the fields. Since the hydrogen beam provides good spatial localization and penetration, the pitch angle can be obtained anywhere in the plasma. A photoelastic modulator (PEM) is used to modulate the linearly polarized light. Depending on the orientation of the PEM, it can measure the sine or cosine of the angle of polarization. Two PEM's are used to measure both components simultaneously. Results of q(r) for both Ohmic and NBI heated discharges have been obtained in the Princeton Beta Experiment (PBX-M) tokamak, with an uncertainty of ∼ 6% for q(0).


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