Cryogenic cooling of monochromators

Marot, G.; Rossat, M.; Freund, A.; Joksch, S.; Kawata, H.; Zhang, L.; Ziegler, E.; Berman, L.; Chapman, D.; Hastings, J. B.; Iarocci, M.
January 1992
Review of Scientific Instruments;Jan1992, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p477
Academic Journal
In this paper, we report on the design and x-ray diffraction properties of cryocooled silicon single crystals exposed to the following wiggler beams: power density: 150 W/mm², total power: 75 W and power density: 0.5 W/mm², total power: 100 W. First, thermomechanical and engineering aspects of low-temperature crystal cooling are discussed, leading to two basic cooling geometries: internal cooling and side cooling. Experimental tests of both these cooling schemes at NSLS on beam lines X25 and X17 are then described and discussed. Finally, engineering problems related to the integration of cryogenic cooling on ESRF beam lines are presented.


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