TITLE

Effects of Aprepitant on the Pharmacokinetics of Controlled-Release Oral Oxycodone in Cancer Patients

AUTHOR(S)
Fujiwara, Yutaka; Toyoda, Masanori; Chayahara, Naoko; Kiyota, Naomi; Shimada, Takanobu; Imamura, Yoshinori; Mukohara, Toru; Minami, Hironobu
PUB. DATE
August 2014
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Aug2014, Vol. 9 Issue 8, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Oxycodone is a µ-opioid receptor agonist widely used in the treatment of cancer pain. The predominant metabolic pathway of oxycodone is CYP3A4-mediated N-demethylation to noroxycodone, while a minor proportion undergoes 3-O-demethylation to oxymorphone by CYP2D6. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the mild CYP3A4 inhibitor aprepitant on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered controlled-release (CR) oxycodone. Method: This study design was an open-label, single-sequence with two phases in cancer patients with pain who continued to be administered orally with multiple doses of CR oxycodone every 8 or 12 hours. Plasma concentration of oxycodone and its metabolites were measured up to 8 hours after administration as follows: on day 1, CR oxycodone was administered alone; on day 2, CR oxycodone was administered with aprepitant (125 mg, at the same time of oxycodone dosing in the morning). The steady-state trough concentrations (Css) were measured from day 1 to day 3. Results: Aprepitant increased the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC0–8) of oxycodone by 25% (p<0.001) and of oxymorphone by 34% (p<0.001), as well as decreased the AUC0–8 of noroxycodone by 14% (p<0.001). Moreover, aprepitant increased Css of oxycodone by 57% (p = 0.001) and of oxymorphone by 36% (p<0.001) and decreased Css of noroxycodone by 24% (p = 0.02) at day 3 compared to day 1. Conclusions: The clinical use of aprepitant in patients receiving multiple doses of CR oxycodone for cancer pain significantly altered plasma concentration levels, but would not appear to need modification of the CR oxycodone dose. Trial Registration: UMIN.ac.jp UMIN000003580.
ACCESSION #
97801510

 

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