TITLE

Soft picosecond X-ray laser nanomodification of gold and aluminum surfaces

AUTHOR(S)
Starikov, S.; Faenov, A.; Pikuz, T.; Skobelev, I.; Fortov, V.; Tamotsu, S.; Ishino, M.; Tanaka, M.; Hasegawa, N.; Nishikino, M.; Kaihori, T.; Imazono, T.; Kando, M.; Kawachi, T.
PUB. DATE
September 2014
SOURCE
Applied Physics B: Lasers & Optics;Sep2014, Vol. 116 Issue 4, p1005
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Experimental and theoretical investigations of aluminum (Al) and gold (Au) surface modification by soft X-ray laser pulse are presented. Well-polished samples of Al and Au are irradiated by ps-duration pulse with wavelength of 13.9 nm at the energy range of 24-72 nJ. Differences in the melting and the ablation processes for those materials are observed. It is shown that at low laser pulse energy, the nanoscale ripples on the surface may be induced by melting without following ablation. In that case, the nanoscale changes in the surface are caused by splash of molten metal under gradient of fluence. At higher laser pulse energy, the ablation process occurs and craters are formed on the surface. However, the melting determines the size of the modified surface at all ranges of the laser energies. For interpretation of experimental results, the atomistic simulations of melting and ablation processes in Al and Au are provided. The calculated threshold fluencies for melting and ablation are well consistent with measured ones.
ACCESSION #
97654119

 

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