Therapeutics in Pediatric Epilepsy, Part 2: Epilepsy Surgery and Vagus Nerve Stimulation
- Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation for pediatric epilepsy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Wei He; Xiao-Yu Wang; Li Zhou; Zhi-Mei Li; Xiang-Hong Jing; Zhong-Li Lv; Yu-Feng Zhao; Hong Shi; Ling Hu; Yang-Shuai Su; Bing Zhu // Trials;Aug2015, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p1
Background: Recently, clinical observations reported the potential benefit of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for pediatric epilepsy. Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (ta-VNS) is a newer non-invasive VNS, making it more accessible for treating pediatric epilepsy, yet there is...
- Investigation into the mechanisms of vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of intractable epilepsy, using [sup 99m] Tc-HMPAO SPET brain images. Barnes, Anna; Duncan, Roderick; Chisholm, Jennifer A.; Lindsay, Kenneth; Patterson, James; Wyper, David // European Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging;2003, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p301
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has gained recognition as a treatment for refractory epilepsies where surgical treatment is not possible. While it appears that this treatment is effective in some patients, the mechanism of action is not clearly understood. The purpose of this study was to clarify...
- Efficacy of Vagal Nerve Stimulation in Iraqi Patients with Refractory Epilepsy: Two-Year Experience. Kamel, Mohammad A.; Kadhim, Sajid I.; Al-Atraqchi, Ahmed A.; Hatim, Aqeel K.; Hasan, Zaki N. // Iraqi Journal of Medical Sciences;2013, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p324
Background Refractory epilepsy patients who fail to respond to two antiepileptic drugs used appropriately are likely to have medically refractory seizure disorder and should be investigated for alternative forms of treatments like experimental drug trial, surgical treatment, electrical...
- Effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation on refractory epilepsy. Rong, P.; Ben, H.; Li, L.; Li, X.; Zhu, B. // Proceedings of the Physiological Society;2013, p495P
Objective: To examine whethertranscutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (ta-VNS) is an effective approach for patients with refractory epilepsy. Patients and Methods:This study was conducted on 191 epilepsy patients who were randomly assigned to the ta-VNS group (n=124), and the...
- Transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation for the treatment of pediatric epilepsy. He, W.; Jing, X.; Wang, X.; Shi, H.; Shang, H.; Rong, P.; L. Li; Zhu, B. // Proceedings of the Physiological Society;2013, p496P
Background Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), an alternative method to manage patients with medically intractable epilepsy, has shown favorable results in reducing seizure frequency and improvements in quality of life . As the only peripheral branch of the vagus nerve, the auricular branch of...
- Neurostimulation Therapy for Epilepsy: Current Modalities and Future Directions. Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A.; Britton, Jeffrey W.; Wetjen, Nicholas M.; marsh, W. Richard; Meyer, Fredric B.; Raffel, Corey // Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Feb2003, Vol. 78 Issue 2, p238
Discusses modalities and future directions in the field of neurostimulation therapy for epilepsy. Effectiveness of vagus nerve stimulation as an adjunctive treatment option; Patients who will benefit most from vagus nerve stimulation.
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation Reduces Seizures in Children. // Neurology Reviews;Feb2011, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p1
The article reports on the findings of a study which revealed the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in safely reducing seizures in pediatric patients with medically refractory epilepsy.
- Vagus nerve stimulation in children with intractable epilepsy: indications, complications and outcome. Kabir, S.; Rajaraman, C.; Rittey, C.; Zaki, H.; Kemeny, A.; McMullan, J. // Child's Nervous System;Sep2009, Vol. 25 Issue 9, p1097
To analyze the indication, complications and outcome of vagus nerve stimulation in intractable childhood epilepsy. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 69 children who had insertion of vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) between June 1995 and August 2006 for medically intractable epilepsy. Outcome...
- A New Era in Epilepsy Treatment. March, Keith // Medical Update;2003, Vol. 28 Issue 10, p7
Deals with the use of vagus nerve stimulation therapy in patients with epilepsy. Use of electrical impulses to the spinal cord on the treatment of several diseases; Statistics on epileptics in the U.S.; Information on the implantation of the stimulation device.