TITLE

AWARENESS AND KNOWLEDGE OF COLORECTAL CANCER: IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE COLORECTAL CANCER SCREENING PROGRAMMES

AUTHOR(S)
Lennon, A.M.; McMenamin, M.; Barry, H.; Keegan, D.; Purcell, H.; O'Donoghue, D.P.; Mulcahy, H.
PUB. DATE
April 2003
SOURCE
Gut;Apr2003 Supplement 1, Vol. 52, pA96
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Cancer screening is rarely successful in populations with little knowledge of the disease being screened for. CRC screening will likely be implemented in many countries over the next 10 years, requiring accompanying educational programmes. Data are unavailable from any country on awareness and knowledge of CRC within the general population. Aim: To determine awareness and knowledge of CRC in the Irish population. Methods: A nationwide survey of 2355 adults (1250 females), comprising almost 0.1% of the entire adult population. Survey conducted in all 26 Irish regions in 2001/2002. Patients completed a questionnaire with questions on different aspects of CRC. Questions were asked about heart disease and breast cancer to provide control data. Results: Awareness of heart disease and breast cancer was high (73% and 81%, respectively had heard of these diseases in the recent past). In contrast, only 40% had heard of CRC (14% magazines/ newspapers, 12% TV/radio, 22% family/friends, 6% medical profession, 7% other sources). In relation to knowledge, 79% knew that a positive family history was associated with increased risk. However, irritabJe bowel syndrome (60%) and stress (62%) were thought to be greater risk factors for CRC than polyps (59%). 42% could name at least 1 colorectal cancer symptom, 53% thought that most patients were under 60 years of age at diagnosis, 61% were aware of surgery as a treatment, 45% estimated 5 year survival as above 40%, and 46% were aware that screening tests were available. Factors associated with CRC knowledge included having read about the disease in the recent past (p = 0.01), older age (p < 0.001), and higher educational status (p < 0.001 ). Conclusions: This nationwide survey shows that awareness and knowledge of CRC is limited, especially in certain groups. This may have important implications For the success of future screening programmes and will allow us to target certain population groups for intensive education...
ACCESSION #
9747933

 

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