FAECAL CALPROTECTIN AS AN ACID TO DIAGNOSIS IN INTESTINAL INFLAMMATION
- Cellular mechanisms of inflammation. Camus, G. // Mediators of Inflammation;Apr97, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p154
Presents the results of experimental studies on various aspects of neutrophil functions in inflammation. Secretory component production by human bronchial epithelial cells; Markers of early neutrophil activation in plasma of trauma patients; Human colonic intraepithelial lymphocytes that...
- Microscopic Colitis. Pardi, Darrell S. // Mayo Clinic Proceedings;May2003, Vol. 78 Issue 5, p614
Provides information on microscopic colitis, a term used to describe a group of patients with chronic diarrhea, normal findings on endoscopy, and barium enema, and inflammation on colonic biopsy. Main subtypes; Association of microscopic colitis with abdominal pain and mild weight loss; Treatment.
- Neutrophil activation by Campylobacter concisus. Sørensen, Nina B.; Nielsen, Hans L.; Varming, Kim; Nielsen, Henrik // Gut Pathogens;2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p1
Background: Campylobacter concisus is an emerging enteric pathogen associated with prolonged diarrhoea and possibly inflammatory bowel disease in children as well as adults, but the interaction with cells of the innate immune system is unclear. The magnitude of systemic immunoglobulin response...
- Utility of a Rapid Fecal Latex Agglutination Test Detecting the Neutrophil Protein, Lactoferrin, for Diagnosing Inflammatory Causes of Chronic Diarrhea. Fine, Kenneth D.; Ogunji, Frederick; George, Jason; Niehaus, Mark D.; Guerrant, Richard L. // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Aug1998, Vol. 93 Issue 8, p1300
Objective: The utility of tests for fecal neutrophils in the setting of chronic diarrhea has not been established. The purpose of this study was to determine the causes of chronic diarrhea associated with fecal neutrophils. Methods: One fecal specimen from each of 10 normal subjects, 26 patients...
- Salmonella-induced Diarrhea Occurs in the Absence of IL-8 Receptor (CXCR2)-Dependent Neutrophilic Inflammation. Marchelletta, Ronald R.; Gareau, Melanie G.; Okamoto, Sharon; Guiney, Donald G.; Barrett, Kim E.; Fierer, Joshua // Journal of Infectious Diseases;7/1/2015, Vol. 212 Issue 1, p128
Background. Gastroenteritis is the most common manifestation of nontyphoidal Salmonella enterica infections, but little is known about the pathogenesis of diarrhea in this infection Methods. To determine whether polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are required for diarrhea for Salmonella...
- Competence of the Human Host as a Reservoir for Leishmania chagasi. Costa, Carlos H.N.; Gomes, Regis B. B.; Silva, Mauro R. B.; Garcez, Lourdes M.; Ramos, Patricia K.S.; Santos, Regina S.; Shaw, Jeffrey J.; David, John R.; Maguire, James H. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;9/1/2000, Vol. 182 Issue 3, p997
Assesses the competence of the human host as a reservoir for Leishmania chagasi. Independent predictors of infectivity; History of diarrhea; Higher peripheral blood neutrophil counts; Need for further experiments using large number of insects to evaluate the reservoir competence of persons with...
- Palisaded Neutrophilic and Granulomatous Dermatitis. Singh, Meena; Comfere, Nneka // New England Journal of Medicine;5/31/2012, Vol. 366 Issue 22, pN.PAG
The article discusses the clinical case of a 26-year-old man who complained of a three-year history of recurrent crops of expanding annular and gyrate plaques on his head, neck, torso, and proximal extremities, and was later diagnosed with palisaded neutrophilic and granulomatous dermatitis.
- Painful stimulation suppresses joint inflammation by inducing shedding of L-selectin from neutrophils. Strausbaugh, Holly J.; Green, Paul G.; Lo, Ernest; Tangemann, Kirsten; Reichling, David B.; Rosen, Steven D.; Levine, Jon D. // Nature Medicine;Sep99, Vol. 5 Issue 9, p1057
Although the inflammatory response is essential for protecting tissues from injury and infection, unrestrained inflammation can cause chronic inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, colitis and asthma. Physiological mechanisms that downregulate inflammation are poorly understood. Potent control...
- Neutrophils: Oxygen depletion puts out the flames. Bordon, Yvonne // Nature Reviews Immunology;Feb2014, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p66
An abstract of the article "Transmigrating neutrophils shape the mucosal microenvironment through localized oyxgen depletion to influence resolution of inflammation" by E. L. Campbell.