Intestinal epithelial responses to enteric pathogens: effects onthe tight junction barrier, ion transport, and inflammation
- ATYPICAL BACTERIAL PATHOGENS IN THE INTESTINAL TRACT. Breidenbach, Warren C.; Martin, Alison // American Journal of Gastroenterology;Nov1961, Vol. 36 Issue 5, p513
Presents information on the atypical bacterial pathogens in the intestinal tract. Characteristics of the bacteria in the intestinal tract; Analysis of several patients with intestinal bacteria; Type of drug used to treat intestinal bacteria.
- Role of the gut microbiota in immunity and inflammatory disease. Kamada, Nobuhiko; Seo, Sang-Uk; Chen, Grace Y.; Núñez, Gabriel // Nature Reviews Immunology;May2013, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p321
The mammalian intestine is colonized by trillions of microorganisms, most of which are bacteria that have co-evolved with the host in a symbiotic relationship. The collection of microbial populations that reside on and in the host is commonly referred to as the microbiota. A principal function...
- A parallel diagnostic accuracy study of three molecular panels for the detection of bacterial gastroenteritis. Biswas, J.; Al-Ali, A.; Rajput, P.; Smith, D.; Goldenberg, S. // European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases;Nov2014, Vol. 33 Issue 11, p2075
Culture-dependent detection of gastroenteric bacteria is labour-intensive and does not provide results in a clinically relevant time frame. Several commercially available multiplex molecular panels are now available which may be more sensitive and could potentially provide rapid results. We...
- Beyond Good and Evil in the Oral Cavity: Insights into Host-Microbe Relationships Derived from Transcriptional Profiling of Gingival Cells. Handfield, M.; Baker, H. V.; Lamont, R. J. // Journal of Dental Research;Mar2008, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p203
In many instances, the encounter between host and microbial cells, through a long-standing evolutionary association, can be a balanced interaction whereby both cell types co-exist and inflict a minimal degree of harm on each other. In the oral cavity, despite the presence of large numbers of...
- Evaluation of Prebiotic and Probiotic Effects on the Intestinal Gut Microbiota and Histology of Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L.). Kristiansen, Mads; Merrifield, Daniel L.; Vecino, Jose L. Gonzalez; Myklebust, Reidar; Ringø, Einar // Journal of Aquaculture & Research Development;Special2012, Vol. 3 Issue S, Special section p1
In the present study the impact on gut microbiology and indigenous gut histology of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) was investigated following feeding of a control and a prebiotic (EWOS prebiosalÂ®) diet and ex vivo exposure to saline or the probiotic bacterium Carnobacterium divergens. The...
- Neonatal Fc receptor for IgG regulates mucosal immune responses to luminal bacteria. Yoshida, Masaru; Kobayashi, Kanna; T. Kuo, Timothy; Bry, Lynn; Glickman, Jonathan N.; Claypool, Steven M.; Kaser, Arthur; Nagaishi, Takashi; Higgins, Darren E.; Mizoguchi, Emiko; Wakatsuki, Yoshio; Roopenian, Derry C.; Mizoguchi, Atsushi; Lencer, Wayne I.; Blumberg, Richard S. // Journal of Clinical Investigation;Aug2006, Vol. 116 Issue 8, p2142
The neonatal Fc receptor for IgG (FcRn) plays a major role in regulating host IgG levels and transporting IgG and associated antigens across polarized epithelial barriers. Selective expression of FcRn in the epithelium is shown here to be associated with secretion of IgG into the lumen that...
- enteropathogen. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p781
A definition of the term "enteropathogen," which refers to any microorganism that causes intestinal disease, is presented.
- The Nutritional Connection to 'Leaky Gut' Toohey, Lynn // American Chiropractor;2002, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p18
Characterizes the concept of leaky gut syndrome of the intestinal lining. Influence of tiny leaks in the development of asthma and arthritis; Role of intestinal lining as barrier to invading pathogens; Absorption of large macromolecules.
- Probiotics: An Emerging Therapy. O'Sullivan, G. C.; Kelly, P.; O'Halloran, S.; Collins, C.; Collins, J. K.; Dunne, C.; Shanahan, F. // Current Pharmaceutical Design;Jan2005, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p3
There is considerable clinical interest in the utility of probiotic therapy - the feeding of (live) non-pathogenic bacteria, originally derived from the alimentary tract, for disease treatment or health promotion. The microflora of the gastrointestinal tract is essential for mucosal protection,...