Buton Inheritance Values Toward Local Democracy Development

Suaib, Eka; Peribadi; Husain, Najib; Tanzil; Alam, Syamsu; Amir, Muh.
July 2014
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;Jul2014, Vol. 8 Issue 10, p403
Academic Journal
In multiethnic country, political culture is very influential on politics. It can be seen in study of Alexis de Tocqueville (in Ceasar, 2011) in America; Putnam & Nanetty (1993), the Rise & Feldman (1997) Inglehart (2000) in Europe; Lianjiang Li, (2002) in China; Matlosa (2003) in South Africa. Especially in Indonesia, political culture study is pioneered by Geertz, Emerson, Liddle (Marijan, 1999) and Zuhro et.al (2009). It believes that all aspects of local culture are very important in democracy study. This study problems are : 1) How Buton values rule in democracy; 2) How conformity between Buton cultural values and democracy. Qualitative research method is used to locus of Buton cultural. The reason is because still there is Palace and Sultanate of Buton archives are maintained. Primary data sources are in-depth interviews and secondary data comes from research reports and monograph. Data is analyzed by ethnographic approach. These study conclusions are: 1) Buton local values have reciprocal relationship with democracy. It none only on how local cultural affect democracy, but also how democracy development affect on local culture, 2) Local culture value have similarities with democracy in terms election process, rule of law, decentralization and substantive value. Theoretical implication shows a need of culture element identification of compatible and incompatible value with democracy. Practical implication shows a need of public policy that could bring significant changes for society development. Research suggestion are to do research on some ethnic (more than one) to perform identification of local cultural that can be maintained, a culture that can be strengthened in order to nourish the democracy growth in Indonesia.


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