The Effects of Gender Differences in Ict Application: Bridging the Gap of Knowledge and Skills among Teachers

Mustafa, M. Nur
July 2014
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;Jul2014, Vol. 8 Issue 10, p81
Academic Journal
This study aims to examine gender differences in term of ICT usage, knowledge, skills and application among teachers. The study also examines the extent of the knowledge and skills in bridging genders gap particularly of the ICT usage among teachers. The study also identifies the relationship of gender with ICT application, knowledge and skills among teachers. The samples consisted of 847 male and female high school teachers. Questionnaires were used to obtain information from the respondents. The instrument showed high level of validity and reliability value. MANOVA analysis was conducted to determine gender differences for each variable. Pearson correlations and inferential analysis were conducted to determine the relationship among the variables. Analysis of structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to identify the roles of knowledge and skills as mediators for gender and ICT application. The results showed significant gender differences in term of ICT application, knowledge and skills. ICT knowledge and skills were found to be able in bridging the relationship of gender and ICT applications. The findings reinforce the theory of the role and contribution of knowledge and skills in enhancing ICT application among teachers. Practically, it can be implicated that teachers' ICT knowledge and skills need to be increased and promoted for an optimal application of ICT in teaching and learning in schools.


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