TITLE

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among adults in a rural community in South India: Results from the kidney disease screening (KIDS) project

AUTHOR(S)
Anupama, Y. J.; Uma, G.
PUB. DATE
July 2014
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Nephrology;Jul/Aug2014, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p214
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) appears to be increasing in India. A few studies have studied the prevalence of CKD in urban populations, but there is a paucity of such studies in the rural populations. This project was undertaken to study the prevalence of CKD among adults in a rural population near Shimoga, Karnataka and to study the risk factor profile. Door‑to‑door screening of 2091 people aged 18 and above was carried out. Demographic and anthropometric data were obtained, urine was analyzed for protein by dipstick and serum creatinine was measured in all participants. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated (eGFR) using the 4‑variable modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) equation and Cockcroft‑Gault equation corrected to the body surface area (CG‑BSA). The total number of subjects studied was 2091. Mean age was 39.88 ± 15.87 years. 45.57% were males. The prevalence of proteinuria was 2.8%. CKD was seen in 131 (6.3%) subjects when GFR was estimated by MDRD equation. The prevalence of CKD was 16.54% by the CG‑BSA method. There was a statistically significant relationship of CKD with gender, advancing age, abdominal obesity, smoking, presence of diabetes and hypertension. The prevalence of CKD is higher compared to the previous studies from rural India and is comparable to that in the studies from the urban Indian populations. The wide difference between the CKD prevalence between MDRD and CG‑BSA equations suggests the need for a better measure of kidney function applicable to Indian population.
ACCESSION #
97345498

 

Related Articles

  • Use of complementary and alternative medicine among midlife Arab women living in Qatar. Gerber, L.M.; Mamtani, R.; Chiu, Y.-L.; Bener, A.; Murphy, M.; Cheema, S.; Verjee, M. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Sep2014, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p554 

    The prevalence of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread and is growing worldwide. This cross-sectional study in Qatar examined the use of CAM and its correlates among Arab women in their midlife years. Women aged 40-60 years (n = 814) were recruited at primary care...

  • Prevalence and socioeconomic determinants of dental sealant use among schoolchildren in Saudi Arabia. Al Agili, D. E.; Niazy, H. A.; Pass, M. A. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;2012, Vol. 18 Issue 12, p1209 

    There are no published research reports on the prevalence of dental sealant use in children in Saudi Arabia. This study determined the prevalence and socioeconomic indicators of dental sealant use on the permanent molars of a stratified random sample of schoolchildren in Jeddah. A basic oral...

  • After Proper Optimization of Carvedilol dose, do Different Child Classes of Liver Disease Differ in Terms of dose Tolerance and Response on a Chronic Basis? Wani, Zeeshan A.; Baht, Riyaz A.; Bhadoria, Ajeet S.; Maiwall, Rakhi; Majeed, Yamin; Khan, Afaq A.; Zargar, Showkat A.; Shah, Mohd A.; Khan, Kaiser M. // Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology;Sep/Oct2015, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p278 

    Background/Aims: Literature regarding safe doses of carvedilol is limited, and safe doses across different Child classes of chronic liver disease are not clear. Patients and Methods: A total of 102 consecutive cirrhotic patients with significant portal hypertension were included in this study....

  • Blood pressure-to-height ratio as a screening measure for identifying children with hypertension. Qiang Lu; Chunming Ma; Fuzai Yin; Rui Wang; Donghui Lou; Xiaoli Liu // European Journal of Pediatrics. Supplement;2013, Vol. 172, p99 

    The present study evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of the blood pressure-to-height ratio (BPHR) and proposed the optimal thresholds of BPHR for identifying hypertension in Han children aged 7-12 years. In 2011, anthropometric measurements were assessed in a cross-sectional population-based...

  • Dehydration and malaria augment the risk of developing chronic kidney disease in Sri Lanka. Siriwardhana, E. A. R. I. E.; Perera, P. A. J.; Sivakanesan, R.; Abeysekara, T.; Nugegoda, D. B.; Jayaweera, J. A. A. S. // Indian Journal of Nephrology;May/Jun2015, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p146 

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown etiology (CKDu) is a serious health issue in Sri Lanka. One-to-one age and sex-matched two sample comparative study was carried out in the Medawachchiya divisional secretariat area of the North Central Province (NCP) of Sri Lanka, by randomly selecting 100...

  • GAPSS: the Global Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome Score. Sciascia, Savino; Sanna, Giovanni; Murru, Veronica; Roccatello, Dario; Khamashta, Munther A.; Bertolaccini, Maria Laura // Rheumatology;Aug2013, Vol. 52 Issue 8, p1397 

    Objective. To develop and validate a risk score [global APS score (GAPSS)] derived from the combination of independent risk for thrombosis and pregnancy loss (PL), taking into account the aPL profile, conventional cardiovascular risk factors and the autoimmune antibody profile.Methods. This...

  • Identification of Subgingival Periodontal Pathogens and Association with the Severity of Periodontitis in Patients with Chronic Kidney Diseases: A Cross-Sectional Study. Ismail, Fidan Bahtiar; Ismail, Gener; Dumitriu, Anca Silvia; Baston, Catalin; Berbecar, Vlad; Jurubita, Roxana; Andronesi, Andreea; Dumitriu, Horia Traian; Sinescu, Ioanel // BioMed Research International;4/2/2015, Vol. 2015, p1 

    Background. The aim of our study was to assess the subgingival profile of 9 periodontal pathogens, by means of real-time PCR, in a group of predialysis chronic kidney disease patients with and without periodontal disease and to identify the risk factors associated with periodontal disease in...

  • Hepatitis C virus infection and risk factors in health-care workers at Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt. Okasha, O.; Munier, A.; Delarocque-Astagneau, E.; Houssinie, M. El; Rafik, M.; Bassim, H.; Hamid, M. Abdel; Mohamed, M. K.; Fontanet, A. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Mar2015, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p199 

    The objectives of this study were to document the background prevalence and incidence of HCV infection among HCWs in Ain Shams University Hospitals in Cairo and analyse the risk factors for HCV infection. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2008 among 1770 HCWs. Anti-HCV prevalence was...

  • Factors affecting nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation failure and impact on bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonates. Mehta, P; Berger, J; Bucholz, E; Bhandari, V // Journal of Perinatology;Oct2014, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p754 

    Background:Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is becoming more important as a mode of ventilation in premature neonates predisposed to development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). To the best of our knowledge, there have been no detailed studies characterizing neonates...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics