TITLE

Death distress in Iranian older adults

AUTHOR(S)
Bahrami, Fazel; Dadfar, Mahboubeh; Lester, David; Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M.
PUB. DATE
July 2014
SOURCE
Advances in Environmental Biology;Jul2014, Vol. 8 Issue 12, p56
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
One of the important domains of elderly health is psychological dimension which requires to special attention. Death distress can interfere in health care of elders. The aim of the present study was to examine death distress in Iranian older adults and to compare this distress among women and men older adults. The subjects were 74 older adults (44 men and 30 women). The older adults were living in the community and selected from public places by available and voluntary sampling. Older adults showed death distress on the Templer's Death Anxiety Scale (TDAS), Death Depression Scale (DDS), and Death Obsession Scale (DOS). Women older adults showed higher death distress than men older adults but the difference was no statistically significant. In aging, the source of anxiety and stress is different from other life stages. The origin of these psychological factors is focused on the anxiety of lack of change and compensation in the life and death distress. Elders reviewing of their life experiences and memories conclude that there is no chance to compensate of their mistakes. Therefore, distress of death can concern them. Since, death distress can impact on physical and mental health of older adults, therefore death education program is necessary for coping of them with issues related to death. The generalizability of the present findings to other population and culture merits further investigation.
ACCESSION #
97340158

 

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