Evaluation of the surgical treatment of diabetic foot

Denjalić, Amir; Bečulić, Hakija; Jusić, Aldin; Bečulić, Lejla
August 2014
Medicinski Glasnik;Aug2014, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p390
Academic Journal
Aim To examine two modalities of surgical treatment of diabetic foot based on two different approaches, classical and multidisciplinary. Methods A retrospective-prospective study including 120 consecutive patients with diabetic foot treated in the Department of Surgery, General Hospital Tešanj in the period 1999-2006. Since 2003 a new multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of diabetic foot based on a more conservative approach has been introduced. Two groups of patients were analyzed according to two treatment approaches: the first group included patients treated with classical method (in the period 1999-2002), and the second group included patients treated with multidisciplinary approach (in period 2003-2006). An age distribution, gender, local changes in the extremities, results of microbiological analysis of wound swabs, and modalities of surgical treatment of diabetic foot were analyzed. Results Duration of the disease (p=0.24), the level of blood glucose (p=0.52) and glycosylated hemoglobin (p=0.10) had no statistically significant effect to the outcome of the treatment of diabetic foot, while the level of hematocrit (p<0.006), fibrinogen (p<0.003), cholesterol (p<0.000001), and the absence of a pulse in the peripheral arteries (p<0.000002), and the outcome of surgical treatment of diabetic foot had the influence to the outcome of the treatment of diabetic foot with statistical significance. Conclusion Aggressive and appropriate medical and surgical treatment according to a grade of disease could improve the outcome and reduce the morbidity and mortality of diabetic foot. The results of this study showed the importance of proper diabetes treatment, prevention of complications and a multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of diabetic foot.


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