Talc pleurodesis in pleuropulmonary diseases treatment

Ramić, Nusret; Krdžalić, Goran; Mušanović, Nermin; Konjić, Ferid; Umihanić, Šefika; Ramić, Suada; Mustedanagić-Mujanović, Jasminka; Ljuca, Farid; Zerem, Enver
August 2014
Medicinski Glasnik;Aug2014, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p306
Academic Journal
Aim To determine the efficiency and safety of talc pleurodesis in treating the malignant pleural effusion and recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods The study included 54 patients with malignant pleural effusion and recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax, who underwent talc pleurodesis using the "talc slurry" method of pleural talc obliteration. Results Pleurodesis was successful in 52 (96%) patients. The average duration of thoracic drainage was 4.4 days. Procedure complications included higher body temperature, pneumonia and pleural effusion separation. All of the patients had satisfying radiological findings at the point of discharge and three months later. There was no death outcome related to the procedure of pleurodesis itself. Conclusion Our study has proved the efficiency and simplicity of talc pleurodesis in treating symptomatic malignant pleural effusions and cases with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. Appropriate patient selection and compliance with surgical principles during the procedure make this method safe, efficient and successful in treating pleuropulmonal diseases. Large particle talc should be used for pleurodesis because of the minimum risk of complications.


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