Is denture stomatitis always related with candida infection? A case control study

Marinoski, Jovan; Bokor-Bratić, Marija; Čanković, Miloš
August 2014
Medicinski Glasnik;Aug2014, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p300
Academic Journal
Aim To examine the oral mucosa under the denture base and to determine the influence of local factors that contribute to denture stomatitis. Methods In this prospective, case control study 30 patients with palatal inflammatory lesions were evaluated. A degree of palatal inflammation was scored. Swab samples were taken from tongue and palatal mucosa for microbiological examination. Denture plaque index, data of night wearing dentures, pH values of tongue and palatal mucosa were determined for all subjects. Results Significantly higher incidence of poor denture cleanliness index (p=0.01) and night wearing of dentures (p=0.009) were found in patients with denture stomatitis. There were significant differences between the groups in relation to the pH value of the tongue and palatal mucosa (p=0.016 and p=0.035, respectively). No significant association was found between denture stomatitis and microbiological findings, dentures age, type of dentures, presence of previous prosthesis, frequency or manner of dentures hygiene and smoking habits. Conclusion Poor denture hygiene, overnight wearing of dentures and oral mucosa pH less than 6.5 are predominant local etiologycal factors that contribute to denture stomatitis development.


Related Articles

  • Influence of candida infection on denture stomatitis. Hadžić, Sanja; Dedić, Amira; Gojkov-Vukelić, Mirjana; Pašić, Enes; Ožegović, Ladislav; Bešlagić, Edina // Acta Medica Academica;2009, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p6 

    Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of candida infection on denture stomatitis. Patients and Methods. Our study included 90 examinees of both sexes and all of them were wearers of mobile prosthetic devices for at least a year. On the basis of the anamnesis data and...

  • Quantitative determination of salivary components in the pellicle on PMMA denture base material. Göcke, Reinhard; Gerath, F.; von Schwanewede, H. // Clinical Oral Investigations;Dec2002, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p227 

    The formation of a salivary pellicle is a protective mechanism of the body for all surfaces in the oral cavity. The nature of the substrate may influence the composition of the pellicle. The aim of this study was to investigate the quantitative composition and individual variation of the...

  • Clinical diagnosis of oral erosive lichen planus by direct oral microscopy. Drogoszewska, Barbara; Chomik, Piotr; Polcyn, Adam; Michcik, Adam // Advances in Dermatology & Allergology / Postepy Dermatologii i A;Aug2014, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p222 

    Introduction: Direct oral microscopy is a novel, non-invasive diagnostic technique that aids clinical examination of the oral cavity. The basic principles of this method derive from colposcopy and dermoscopy. The principle is to reveal precancerous lesions of oral mucosae in their subclinical...

  • Ibrutinib: Stomatitis: 3 case reports.  // Reactions Weekly;Jun2019, Vol. 1756 Issue 1, p176 

    The article presents case studies of a 84-year-old man, 83-year-old woman and 78-year-old man with medical histories bullous pemphigoid and arterial hypertension.

  • Habitual biting of oral mucosa: A conservative treatment approach. SARABJOT KAUR BHATIA; ASHIMA GOYAL; ADITI KAPUR // Contemporary Clinical Dentistry;Jul-Sep2013, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p386 

    Chronic biting of oral mucosa is an innocuous self inflicted injury, commonly seen in children suffering from developmental and psychological problems and has rarely been reported in normal unaffected individuals. The management strategies vary from counseling, prescription of sedatives to...

  • Detección de Cándida SPP en pacientes candidatos al uso de prótesis fijas provisionales. Moreno-Marín, Flora // Medicina Oral (16656024);2008, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p8 

    Aim. To determine if exists pathogenic Candida before the positioning of the provisional prosthesis or was developed after its positioning. Material and methods. Samples in 83 patients were taken (between 17 and 63 years) from the gingival area, as well as of the tongue, doing a total of three...

  • Prevalence of Oral Mucosal Lesions in a Group of Iranian Dependent Elderly Complete Denture Wearers. Atashrazm, Parsa; Sadri, Donia // Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice;Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p174 

    Aim: Oral mucosal lesions are frequently observed in institutionalized elderly patients more than other age groups. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of epulis fissuratum and denture stomatitis and their associated causes in dependent elderly complete denture wearers....

  • Phase 1 Clinical Trial on the Effect of Palatal Brushing on Denture Stomatitis. Kabawat, Marla; de Souza, Raphael F.; Badaró, Maurício M.; de Koninck, Louis; Barbeau, Jean; Rompré, Pierre; Emami, Elham // International Journal of Prosthodontics;2014, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p311 

    Purpose: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of palatal brushing in the treatment of denture stomatitis. Materials and Methods: After screening 143 individuals with a potential diagnosis of denture stomatitis, 48 patients (mean age: 66.0 ± 11.2 years) were enrolled in a two-center phase 1...

  • Distribution Profile of Candida Species Involved in Angular Cheilitis Lesions Before and After Denture Replacement. jafari, Abbas Ali; Lotfi-Kamran, Mohammad Hossein; Falah-Tafti, Abbas; Shirzadi, Saeeb // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology;Aug2013, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: Angular cheilitis known as anoral candidiasis manifestation is deep fissures with ulcerated appearance, which affects angles of the mouth. Decreasing the vertical dimension (VD) of face in the elderly denture users is one of the predisposing factors for heavy colonization of Candida...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics