Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Cirrhotic Patients

Moraru, Marius
January 2014
Jurnalul de Chirurgie;2014, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p10
Academic Journal
Background: Cholelithiasis is very common in cirrhotic patients (15-30%), occurring 1 to 3 times more often than in general population. The presence of cirrhosis, hepatocellular failure and/or portal hypertension increases the risk of postoperative complications in any type of surgery, especially biliary. Methods: A review of the literature over the last 8 years (2005-2013) was performed by searching the Medline database using the following keywords "Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy" and "cirrhosis". We selected 11 studies that were considered well-documented and contained comparable data. We analyze the demographics, cholecystectomy indication and duration, incidence of perioperative complications and time of hospitalization in cirrhotic and non- cirrhotic patients. Results: Analysis of the literature revealed a total of 842 cirrhotic patients that undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy in group of 11 published studies. The incidence of acute cholecystitis as indication for LC (Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy) was extremely variable (3.6% to 52.38%). The ratio women to men were 1.06: 407 patients (48.34%) were men and 435 were women (51.66%). Mean of mean age reported by each series was of 53.77 years (range 21-86). Child-Pugh class was reported by 10 studies for a total of 577 patients, most of them being Child-Pugh class A (443 cases, 76.78%) and B (119 cases, 23.22%). The average operating time of reported mean values was of 94.14 minutes. Average overall morbidity rate was of 24.87%; a single study reported 75% morbidity, all other studies indicating rates of maximum 35%. The length of hospital stay was of 3.47 days (range: 1.87 to 7.2). Conclusions: LC, although initially contraindicated in cirrhotic patients, has gradually replaced open cholecystectomy as standard surgical procedure. The operative risk in patients with liver disease depends on the degree of preexistent hepatic dysfunction, nature of the procedure and comorbid conditions.


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