TITLE

Trade and fertility in the developing world: the impact of trade and trade structure

AUTHOR(S)
Gries, Thomas; Grundmann, Rainer
PUB. DATE
October 2014
SOURCE
Journal of Population Economics;Oct2014, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p1165
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In the literature on trade and development, fertility and trade have been widely discussed as two separate economic forces. However, an important recent contribution connects these two and suggests that international trade between developed and developing countries has an asymmetric effect on the demand for human capital. The asymmetry leads to a decline in fertility rates in developed countries and an increase in these rates in developing countries. We provide additional comprehensive empirical evidence in support of this novel hypothesis. Our findings suggest that countries that export skill-intensive manufacturing goods experience a decline in fertility rates, whereas in countries that export primary, low-skill-intensive goods, fertility rates are affected positively. Further, our findings indicate that the negative influence of manufacturing exports on fertility holds primarily and most strongly for middle-income countries where structural modernization and a growing manufacturing-intensive export sector is observed.
ACCESSION #
97227472

 

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