Psychosocial distress and functioning of Greek youth with cystic fibrosis: a cross-sectional study

Kostakou, Konstantina; Giannakopoulos, George; Diareme, Stavroula; Tzavara, Chara; Doudounakis, Stavros; Christogiorgos, Stelios; Bakoula, Chryssa; Kolaitis, Gerasimos
July 2014
BioPsychoSocial Medicine;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p2
Academic Journal
Background To assess psychosocial functioning and distress of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis compared to healthy controls. Methods Thirty-six patients with cystic fibrosis aged 8-18 years (24 boys, mean age ± SD: 11.5 ± 2.6 years) and 31 sex- and age-matched healthy control subjects (18 boys, mean age ± SD: 12 ± 2.5 years) were enrolled in the study. In order to assess the self-esteem, social adjustment, and family functioning of these young people, the Culture-free Self-esteem Inventory, the Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report, and the Family Assessment Device were administered. Emotional/ behavioral problems were assessed through the Youth Self Report and the Child Behavior Checklist given to both the subjects and their parents. Results No significant differences were found for self-esteem between the two study groups. Regarding social adjustment, children with cystic fibrosis reported significantly worse friendship and overall adjustment (P < 0.05). Moreover, no difference was found in the levels of family functioning between the two groups. No significant differences between the groups were found in emotional/ behavioral problems from the self-reports. On the contrary, parents of children with cystic fibrosis reported significantly higher levels of withdrawal/ depression, thought problems, and delinquent behavior (P ⩽ 0.01) as compared to controls. Conclusions Children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis appear to be a psychosocially vulnerable group. A biopsychosocial approach should emphasize the assessment and treatment of the psychosocial distress of these patients alongside multiple somatic treatments.


Related Articles

  • CHILD AND TEENAGER PSYCHOPEDAGOGICAL COUNSELLING. LEARNING COMPETENCY. DROBOT, Loredana; PETROVICI, Merima Carmen // Scientific Research & Education in the Air Force - AFASES;2013, Vol. 1, p203 

    Child and teenager psychopedagogical counselling is represented by an ensemble of activities described in the school counsellor's personal working sheet. In my personal opinion, psychopedagogical counselling is centred on developing a learning competency (to learn about ones self and about the...

  • Heritability and genome-wide analyses of problematic peer relationships during childhood and adolescence. St Pourcain, Beate; Haworth, C.; Davis, O.; Wang, Kai; Timpson, Nicholas; Evans, David; Kemp, John; Ronald, Angelica; Price, Tom; Meaburn, Emma; Ring, Susan; Golding, Jean; Hakonarson, Hakon; Plomin, R.; Davey Smith, George // Human Genetics;Jun2015, Vol. 134 Issue 6, p539 

    Peer behaviour plays an important role in the development of social adjustment, though little is known about its genetic architecture. We conducted a twin study combined with a genome-wide complex trait analysis (GCTA) and a genome-wide screen to characterise genetic influences on problematic...

  • Friendships of Children and Adolescents With Spina Bifida: Social Adjustment, Social Performance, and Social Skills. Devine, Katie A.; Holmbeck, Grayson N.; Gayes, Laurie; Purnell, Jason Q. // Journal of Pediatric Psychology;Mar2012, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p220 

    Objective To characterize dyadic and general friendships of youth with spina bifida (SB). Methods Families of youth with SB recruited a peer to participate; 106 dyads participated. Youth with SB and peers completed questionnaires and interviews regarding characteristics of the dyadic friendship...

  • Competitiveness, Gender, and Adjustment Among Adolescents. Hibbard, David; Buhrmester, Duane // Sex Roles;Sep2010, Vol. 63 Issue 5-6, p412 

    This study explored whether trait competitiveness in late adolescence is more detrimental to females’ than males’ social and psychological adjustment. Two types of competitiveness were studied, competing to win (CW; to dominate others) and competing to excel (CE; to surpass...

  • "Os meus pais só me criticam" - Relações entre práticas educativas parentais (perfecionismo e crítica) e a autoestima, o autoconceito académico, a motivação e a utilização de estratégias de self-handicapping de Guadalupe Reis, Ivone; Peixoto, Francisco // Análise Psicológica;dez2013, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p343 

    Research on parenting practices have shown the existence of a relationship with the academic and social adjustment of children and adolescents. In this study we aim to analyze the relationship between parenting practices of criticism and perfectionism perceived by students and their self-esteem,...

  • Motivation: The gas that fuels a child's educational engine. Hill, Lindsey // District Administration;Feb2014, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p80 

    The author reflects on the importance of motivation in enhancing academic achievement of students. Topics discussed include improvement in academic performance and satisfaction with school with motivation, impact on self-esteem, social adjustments and school completion rates, and students...

  • Unemployment and Psychological Distress: Mediator Effects. Kokko, Katja; Pulkkinen, Lea // Journal of Adult Development;Oct1998, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p205 

    The study concerned possible mediators and moderators in the relationship between unemployment and psychological distress. The sample consisted of 58 unemployed and 177 employed 36-year-old Finnish people drawn from the ongoing Jyväskylä Longitudinal Study of Personality and Social...

  • Discrepant illness perceptions, affect and expressed emotion in people with psychosis and their carers. Kuipers, Elizabeth; Watson, Phil; Onwumere, Juliana; Bebbington, Paul; Dunn, Graham; Weinman, John; Fowler, David; Freeman, Daniel; Hardy, Amy; Garety, Philippa // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Apr2007, Vol. 42 Issue 4, p277 

    Background: Illness perception, a measure of illness representations developed from physical medicine, has recently been applied to psychosis. We investigated how illness perceptions relate to affect and expressed emotion (EE) in carer-patient dyads, particularly if their...

  • Psychosocial Correlates and Depression in Vietnamese Adolescents. DuongTran, Quang // Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal;Feb96, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p41 

    The article discusses depressions and other psychosocial disturbances in Vietnamese adolescents. Since the end of the Southeast Asian war in 1975, more than one million Southeast Asian refugees have resettled in the United States. Psychological disturbance and social maladjustments are among the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics