TITLE

Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Chlamydia in a Rural Pregnant Population

AUTHOR(S)
Shaw, Elizabeth; Roberts, Dave; Connor, Pamela D.
PUB. DATE
September 1995
SOURCE
Journal of Family Practice;Sep1995, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p257
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background. Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease in the United States. Perinatal infection with C trachomatis has been associated with preterm labor, preterm rupture of membranes, stillbirth, and both conjunctivitis and pneumonia in newborns. Little is known about the prevalence of C trachomatis infection in rural pregnant women. Methods. We completed a retrospective chart analysis of 347 obstetric patients in a rural family practice residency training program to determine the prevalence, associated risk factors, and screening criteria for cervical C trachomatis infection. Results. The prevalence of C trachomatis infection in our study was 9.0%. Factors predictive of a positive test for C trachomatis infection included single marital status, African-American race, history of sexually transmitted diseases, presence of gonorrhea during the current pregnancy, age less than 20 years, and late onset of prenatal care. Conclusions. The prevalence of C trachomatis in this rural obstetric population emphasizes the importance of laboratory screening of rural pregnant women for this disease.
ACCESSION #
9708284364

 

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