TITLE

The Effects of Facilitators on the Performance of Brainstorming Groups

AUTHOR(S)
Oxley, Nicole L.; Dzindolet, Mary T.; Paulus, Paul B.
PUB. DATE
December 1996
SOURCE
Journal of Social Behavior & Personality;Dec96, Vol. 11 Issue 4, p633
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Brainstorming is a technique Osborn (1957) developed to help groups generate ideas. However, face-to-face interactive brainstorming groups generate fewer ideas and ideas of lesser quality than the combined products of individuals who brainstorm alone (cf., Mullen, Johnson, & Salas, 1991), Osborn (1957) and Van Gundy (1988) have suggested the use of facilitators to improve group performance, and Offner, Kramer, and Winter (1996) have found some support for this idea. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of 200 undergraduate students who brainstormed alone, in groups without a facilitator, or in groups led by a highly trained, trained, or untrained facilitator. Results indicated that Highly Trained Facilitator Group members generated as many ideas as Nominal Group members and more ideas than other interactive group members, F (4,43) = 10.53, p < .01. During the last five minutes of the session. Highly Trained Facilitator Group members outperformed even Nominal Group Members, F (12,129) = 5.77, p lt; .01 for the interaction. Implications for future research are discussed.
ACCESSION #
9703272116

 

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