TITLE

DETERMINATION OF FEASIBILITY AND ADVANTAGES OF USING ADDITIONAL TURBINES TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND CO2 EMISSION OF A DISTILLATION COLUMN

AUTHOR(S)
APICHIT SVANG-ARIYASKUL; THANAPAT CHAIREONGSIRIKUL
PUB. DATE
April 2014
SOURCE
Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly;2014, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p273
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Distillation is a process that consumes an extensive amount of energy and emits an enormous amount of CO2. It is attractive to reduce the energy consumption and CO2 emission for distillation. A new design of distillation is proposed by adding turbines in the vapor process streams before the condenser and after a reboiler to produce domestic electricity. As a result, this new design helps in reducing energy consumption and CO2 emission. The key variables are the distillate to feed ratio and the reflux ratio because they are the direct factors that control the vapor flow rates supplying the turbines. The distillation of an alkane mixture of C4-C8 commonly found in a petroleum refinery was used as a test model to prove the process feasibility. The energy consumption and CO2 emission of the new process are reduced to 0.93-0.96 and 0.89-0.90 of the conventional process, respectively. This new design increases process efficiency in terms of second law efficiency by reducing the entropy generation from the conventional distillation at low distillate to feed ratios and reflux ratios. The distillation with additional turbines is promising to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emission and to increase process efficiency.
ACCESSION #
97003407

 

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