TITLE

A STUDY ON ALKALI PRETREATMENT CONDITIONS OF SORGHUM STEM FOR MAXIMUM SUGAR RECOVERY USING STATISTICAL APPROACH

AUTHOR(S)
NIKZAD, MARYAM; MOVAGHARNEJAD, KAMYAR; TALEBNIA, FARID; NAJAFPOUR, GHASEM; GHORBAN FARAHI, AMIR HOSEIN
PUB. DATE
April 2014
SOURCE
Chemical Industry & Chemical Engineering Quarterly;2014, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p261
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass provides an alternative energy-production system. Sorghum bicolor stem is a cheap agro-waste for bioethanol production. In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize alkali pretreatment conditions for sorghum bicolor stem with respect to substrate concentration, NaOH concentration and pretreatment time based on a central composite rotary design. The main goal was to achieve the highest glucose and xylose yields after enzymatic hydrolysis. Under optimum conditions of pretreatment (time 60.4 min, solid loading 4.2%, and NaOH concentration 1.7%), yields of 98.94% g glucose/g cellulose and 65.14% g xylose/g hemicellulose were obtained. The results of a confirmation experiment under the optimal conditions agreed well with model predictions. Pretreatment of sorghum bicolor stem at the optimum condition increased the glucose and xylose yields by 7.14 and 3.02 fold, respectively. Alkali pretreatment showed to be a great choice for the pretreatment of sorghum bicolor stem.
ACCESSION #
97003406

 

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