Who blames corruption for the poor enforcement of environmental laws? Survey evidence from Brazil

Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.; Urpelainen, Johannes
July 2014
Environmental Economics & Policy Studies;Jul2014, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p241
Academic Journal
Who blames corruption for the poor enforcement of environmental laws? The answer to this question is important since corruption is an important reason why environmental policies are not properly enforced, but previous studies of environmental public opinion do not address the issue. We analyze data from a survey fielded in Brazil in June 2012, immediately preceding the Rio+20 environmental summit. We test hypotheses on income, education, and perception of corruption as a cause of poor enforcement of environmental policy. We find that wealthy individuals are more likely to associate corruption with enforcement failure than their poorer counterparts. However, education is not associated with the belief that corruption is a primary cause of enforcement failure. These results suggest that since wealthy Brazilians have a higher exposure to corruption because of their interaction with government officials, they understand the role of corruption in policy failure. Conversely, the kind of general information that education offers does not raise concern about the role of corruption in environmental policy. The results have important implications particularly in democratic societies, where governments have stronger incentives to address the problem if the concerned public associates corruption with enforcement failure.


Related Articles

  • Partnership for Public Participation expanding in Americas.  // Environmental Forum;Sep/Oct2003, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p58 

    Reports on the Partnership for Public Participation initiated by the Environmental Law Institute and its partners in the U.S. Goal of the program; List of partners on the institute; Ways in which the partnership has helped raise the profile of public participation in environmental decisionmaking.

  • WASTE NEWS POLL.  // Waste News;8/20/2007, Vol. 13 Issue 8, p8 

    The article presents information on a public opinion poll focusing on the environmental policy of the U.S. Answering one of the questions, about forty percent respondents said that the U.S. government should investigate researchers' findings that laser printers pose health threats. Answering...

  • The great green void. Lafferty, Brennan // Waste News;10/11/2004, Vol. 10 Issue 12, p8 

    This article focuses on an opinion poll in California conducted by Pew Research Center for People and the Press which provides a glimmer of hope. About 49 percent of those surveyed in January 2004 say protecting the environment should be a top priority for the president and Congress. That's up...

  • THE POLLS—POLL TRENDS. Dunlap, Riley E.; Scarce, Rik // Public Opinion Quarterly;Winter91, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p651 

    The article reports on the upward trend regarding public support for environmental protection in the U.S. based on public opinion polls. A detailed review of all known longitudinal data reveals the following evolution of public concern with the environment over the past quarter century. However,...

  • WASTE NEWS POLL.  // Waste News;2/13/2006, Vol. 11 Issue 22, p8 

    This article presents the result of a public opinion poll conducted to study the impact of Canada's Conservative Party election victory on the nation's environmental policies. 61% of the respondents thought that it will have no impact.

  • WASTE NEWS POLL.  // Waste News;6/6/2005, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p8 

    This article presents the results of a public opinion poll about the plans of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to allow discharge of treated wastewater.

  • Comment period extended.  // Waste News;12/5/2005, Vol. 11 Issue 16, p16 

    The article informs that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has granted the public additional time to comment on portions of two proposals--the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) and the Fine Particle Pollution Implementation Rule. The decisions were announced on November 23, 2005. The...

  • WASTE NEWS POLL.  // Waste News;5/23/2005, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p8 

    This article presents information on a public poll related to Illinois' bottle bill in the U.S. Out of 72 respondents 34.7% gave it a chance and 37.5% turned it down.

  • Scientific Speech: Protecting the Right of Environmental Scientists to Express Professional Opinions. Kuehn, Robert R. // Environmental Law Reporter: News & Analysis;Dec2005, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p10857 

    The article presents information on the threats under which the environmental scientists work in the field of environmental law and human health. According to recent surveys conducted on the topic, it was found that several scientists were allegedly fired or otherwise attacked because employers...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics