TITLE

Risk Factors for Non Communicable Diseases among Industrial Workers of Coimbatore, India

AUTHOR(S)
Suvetha, K.; Akshaya, K. M.
PUB. DATE
July 2014
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development;Jul-Sep2014, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p94
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Workplace is one of the most important settings affecting the physical, mental, economical and social wellbeing of the workers and thereby, the health of their families, community and society. Recently, there are reports of high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among industrial populations in various parts of India. Aim: To identify the risk factors of Non communicable diseases among employees of a foundry in Coimbatore. Setting and Design: Industrial setting, Cross sectional study. Method: A study was undertaken between November 2009 and January 2010 in a foundry of suburban Coimbatore with permanent employee strength of 136 with questionnaire capturing information on age, nature of work, and details on risk factors. Anthropometric measurements and fasting and postprandial blood sugars were done. Statistical analysis: Was done using SPSS-11.5 version and Chi-square test was used to look for an association between the risk factors and the non communicable diseases. Results and Conclusions: The study population consisted of 132(97%) males. 35(25.7%) were current tobacco users and 55(40.4%) involved themselves in light physical activity. 21(15.4%) and 35(25.7%) had high Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure respectively; 33(24.3%) had high blood sugars. 54(39.7%) were overweight/obese and 46(33.8%) had their waist circumference above normal. There was a statistically significant association between increased waist circumference and Diabetes status (Χ²=6.093, p=0.014). Similarly a person being overweight/ obese was significantly associated with he being diabetic (Χ²=5.812, p=0.016). The results could help to motivate industries to initiate lifestyle modifications and health promotion programs for the prevention and control of non communicable diseases among their workers.
ACCESSION #
96892771

 

Related Articles

  • Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors among Employees and Their Families of a Saudi University: An Epidemiological Study. Alzeidan, Rasmieh; Rabiee, Fatemeh; Mandil, Ahmed; Hersi, Ahmad; Fayed, Amel // PLoS ONE;11/4/2016, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1 

    Objectives: To assess the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factors among Saudi university employees and their families; to estimate the cardiovascular risk (CVR) amongst the study population in the following 10years. Methods: The NCD risk factors prevalence was estimated using...

  • Risco de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis na população atendida em Programa de Educação Nutricional em Goiânia (GO), Brasil. Silva, Maria Sebastiana; e Silva, Nathalia Barbosa; Pereira Alves, Ana Gabriella; Araújo, Samantha Pereira; de Oliveira, Amanda Cristine // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;may2014, Vol. 19 Issue 5, p1409 

    The scope of this work was to evaluate the risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in subjects treated in the Nutrition Education Program of the School of Physical Education of the Federal University of Goiás. The number of individuals evaluated was 79, namely 65 adults and...

  • Poverty, development and cardiovascular trials: More questions than answers? Banerjee, Amitava // Heart;Feb2015, Vol. 101 Issue 4, p245 

    The author discusses the issue of differences in places for trials for Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and places which have more cases of the disease which include low and middle income countries. Topics discussed include inadequate representation of patients in cardiovascular trials leading to...

  • Renal, cardiovascular and metabolic effects of fetal programming. Koleganova, N.; Benz, K.; Piecha, G.; Ritz, E.; Amann, K. // Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation;Aug2012, Vol. 27 Issue 8, p3003 

    Disturbed fetal development has long-lasting effects on the offspring, specifically a higher risk of renal, cardiovascular and metabolic disease in adult life as postulated by Barker's hypothesis. Relevant to renal outcomes of the offspring are maternal factors such as pre-eclampsia,...

  • Serum Uric Acid, Gender, and Low Ankle Brachial Index in Adults With High Cardiovascular Risk. Zhan, Yiqiang; Dong, Ying; Tang, Zheng; Zhang, Fen; Hu, Dayi; Yu, Jinming // Angiology;Aug2015, Vol. 66 Issue 7, p687 

    Uric acid (UA) has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in caucasians. However, it is unclear whether this association remains significant in a Chinese population. The present study aimed to investigate the association between UA and low ankle brachial index (ABI), a...

  • Cognitive Avoidant Coping Is Associated with Higher Carotid Intima Media Thickness Among Middle-Aged Adults. Schwerdtfeger, Andreas; Scharnagl, Hubert; Stojakovic, Tatjana; Rathner, Eva-Maria // International Journal of Behavioral Medicine;Oct2015, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p597 

    Background: Cognitive avoidant coping (CAV) has been associated with elevated autonomic stress reactivity, thus presumably elevating risk for cardiovascular diseases. However, more direct evidence for this hypothesis is lacking. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to relate carotid intima...

  • Work-related life events, psychological well-being and cardiovascular risk factors in male Swedish automotive workers. Rose, Gisela; Kumlin, Lars; Dimberg, Lennart; Bengtsson, Calle; Orth-Gomer, Kristina; Xiaodong Cai // Occupational Medicine;Sep2006, Vol. 56 Issue 6, p386 

    Aims To analyse the relationship between life events, social support, psychological well-being and cardiovascular risk factors in blue- and white-collar Swedish automotive workers.Methods Baseline questionnaire regarding life events, social support, depressed mood and mental strain and smoking...

  • Initiation of health-behaviour change among employees participating in a web-based health risk assessment with tailored feedback. Colkesen, Ersen B.; Niessen, Maurice A. J.; Peek, Niels; Vosbergen, Sandra; Kraaijenhagen, Roderik A.; van Kalken, Coenraad K.; Tijssen, Jan G. P.; Peters, Ron J. G. // Journal of Occupational Medicine & Toxicology;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p5 

    Background: Primary prevention programs at the worksite can improve employee health and reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Programs that include a web-based health risk assessment (HRA) with tailored feedback hold the advantage of simultaneously increasing awareness of risk and...

  • Global study sheds light on role of exercise, cars and televisions on risk of heart attacks.  // British Journal of Hospital Medicine (17508460);Feb2012, Vol. 73 Issue 2, p71 

    The article reports a worldwide INTERHEART study which revealed that people involved in light physical activity during work had lower risk of heart attack compared to people having sedentary work and that people who owned both a car and a television had 27 percent increased risk of a heart attack.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics