Is eco-efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions converging among European Union countries?

Camarero, Mariam; Castillo-Giménez, Juana; Picazo-Tadeo, Andrés; Tamarit, Cecilio
August 2014
Empirical Economics;Aug2014, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p143
Academic Journal
Eco-efficiency refers to the ability to produce more goods and services with less impact on the environment and less consumption of natural resources. This issue has become a matter of concern that is receiving increasing attention from politicians, scientists and researchers. Furthermore, greenhouse gases emitted as a result of production processes have a marked impact on the environment and are also the foremost culprit of global warming and climate change. This paper assesses convergence in eco-efficiency in greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union. Eco-efficiency is assessed at both country and greenhouse-gas-specific levels using Data Envelopment Analysis techniques and directional distance functions, as recently proposed by Picazo-Tadeo et al. (Eur J Oper Res, 220:798-809, ). Convergence is then evaluated using the Phillips and Sul (Econometrica, 75:1771-1855, ) approach that allows testing for the existence of convergence groups. Although the results point to the existence of different convergence clubs depending on the specific pollutant considered, they signal the existence of at least four clear groups of countries. The first two groups are core European Union high-income countries (Benelux, Germany, Italy, Austria, the United Kingdom and Scandinavian countries). A third club is made up of peripheral countries (Spain, Ireland, Portugal and Greece) together with some Eastern countries (Latvia and Slovenia), while the remaining clubs consist of groups containing Eastern European countries.


Related Articles

  • But Europe faces shortfall, warns RWE.  // Modern Power Systems;Jan2009, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p4 

    The article assesses the impact of European Union's (EU's) deal on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. It is noted that such deal will put the energy security of Europe at risk. RWE Power company contends that the full auctioning of emission allowances will seriously curtail the...

  • E.U. to Cut Emissions 95% for Cop15 Deal.  // Sustainable Business Weekly;11/2/2009, p6 

    The article reports that European Union is planning to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions 95 percent by 2050 and 30 percent by 2020 if a climate change agreement is reached at Cop15.

  • EU 30% CO2 Emissions Target: Achievable and Affordable.  // Sustainable Business Weekly;11/9/2009, p5 

    The article reports that on the basis of an analysis of the emission reduction potential and costs to society of 650 technologies in ten major sectors, the greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union (EU) can be reduced upto to 30 percent below 1990 levels by 2020.

  • Europe urged on towards 2050 carbon targets.  // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Sep2010, Issue 428, p16 

    The article discusses a report from the European Climate Foundation which argues that cutting greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union (EU) by 80 percent relative to 1990 by 2050 could be done economically if finance and regulation is in place by 2015.

  • EU wants to manipulate carbon price through allowances.  // Modern Power Systems;Apr2012, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p5 

    The article reports on the effort of 's governing bodies to reduce industrial greenhouse gas emissions through raising the carbon price under the Emissions Trading System (ETS).

  • ENVIRONMENTAL TAX REFORM SCENARIOS ANALYSIS. Fuchsová, Eva // E + M Ekonomie a Management / E+M Economics & Management;2013, Vol. 2013 Issue 3, p47 

    The triad - economics - environment - energy (E3) has become one of the most dynamically developing areas even at the EU level. The following article proposes the evaluation of the environmental tax reform (ETR) as an economic tool for all of the E3 sectors. ETR is an important tool in reducing...

  • EC moots 30% carbon cut by 2020.  // Utility Week;5/7/2010, Vol. 32 Issue 16, p6 

    The article reports on the suggestion of Connie Hedegaard, climate change commissioner of the European Union, that it would be feasible and affordable for Europe to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by the year 2020.

  • Editorial. Ziesing, Hans-Joachim // Economic Bulletin;Feb2004, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p51 

    The article highlights the need for the European Union to reduce its emissions of six greenhouse gases from the level in the reference year 1990 between 2008 and 2012 as stipulated under the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The European Union...

  • In brief.  // Geographical (Geographical Magazine Ltd.);Aug2010, Vol. 82 Issue 8, p13 

    The article offers news briefs related to geography including the release of a report that shows that the European Union (EU) is more than halfway towards meeting its target of reducing emissions by 20 percent of 1990 levels by 2020, the decline in the proportion of electricity supplies in Great...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics