Discourse Functions of Formulaic Sequences in Academic Speech across Two Disciplines

Kashiha, Hadi; Chan Swee Heng
June 2014
GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p15
Academic Journal
Formulaic sequences play a crucial role in building academic discourse. From among the variety of formulaic expressions, lexical bundles have been shown to serve particular facilitative functions in academic discourse. Defined as strings of word forms that commonly co-occur in natural discourse, lexical bundles are characterized statistically by their frequency of occurrence and they contribute significantly to fluency in speech and writing. While previous research had focused on the use of these expressions in academic research articles across disciplines or on the difference between spoken and written registers, little research has been carried out to find out the language use of academic lectures from different disciplines in terms of the use of these bundles, orally. Taking into account this consideration, the present study aimed to investigate how lexical bundles are used by academic lecturers from different disciplinary communities. With the aim of comparing their language selection, the most frequent four-word lexical bundles in academic lectures of two disciplines, namely politics and chemistry were identified and categorized. The procedure adopts Biber et al.'s (2004) functional categorization of lexical bundles to investigate the communicative purposes that lexical bundles convey in the lectures of the two groups and to see whether there were any disciplinary differences with regard to the bundles used. Based on the findings, there were some marked variations found across the two disciplines in terms of discourse functions of the lexical bundles. It seemed that academic lectures rely heavily on the use of specific word combinations to fulfill those functions related to their discipline.


Related Articles

  • Capture and distribute easel notes.  // American Speaker;Oct2011, p7 

    The article stresses the importance for a public speaker to offer audience members an electronic copy of the notes he or she has written on an easel pad.

  • Workin' the Room 112 principles for properly lecturing your audiences. Struck, Kevin // Communication World;Feb/March2002, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p26 

    Offers guidance on the proper lecturing of audiences. Fostering an atmosphere of discipline and attention; Fundamental attitude about being the speaker in a seminar or event; Interaction with the audience.

  • Identify resistors.  // Communication Briefings;Jun2010, Vol. 29 Issue 8, p6 

    The article offers advices in the preparation of lectures or presentations to avoid problems with hecklers and troublemakers.

  • Have A Plan Of Action When Preparing For A Lecture. Puetz, Belinda E.; Thomas, Donna Ojanen; Zeidel, Nancy // RN;Apr2001, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p23 

    Offers tips on preparing for a lecture. Advice on developing a time line in preparing for a lecture; Components of the lecture's outline; Importance of stories within a lecture.

  • Down and Out. Lezard, Nicholas // New Statesman;10/11/2013, Vol. 142 Issue 5179, p61 

    The author offers a personal narrative of his experiences preparing for and delivering a lecture on the music and social critic Theodor Adorno.

  • The Prospect List.  // Prospect;May2013, Issue 206, p87 

    A calendar of events in Great Britain for May 2013 is presented which includes public speeches "Britain and the EU: an ever closer union of peoples?" by Malcolm Rifkind on May 1, and "Vesuvius: a volcano, its history and legacy," by volcanologist Giuseppe Mastrolorenzo on May 3, and "The...

  • The Best Lecture I've Ever Heard. McKeown, Greg // Harvard Business Review Digital Articles;5/6/2014, p2 

    The author presents tips for giving an effective lecture which include defining the main message with greater clarity, having a conversation with the audience instead of relying on slides, and being repetitive without being boring.

  • WORDS OF ONE SYLLABLE DEPT.  // New Yorker;2/28/1959, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p64 

    The article presents the statement of Buckley that this was the first time in eight years he had talked to a group without being an officeholder or office seeker. He concluded that this could be perfectly honest with them.

  • THE WORD.  // New York;6/11/2007, Vol. 40 Issue 21, p94 

    The article presents listings and reviews of lectures and public readings running through the week of June 11, 2007, in New York City. Exhibitions include "An Imagination Conversation," by former presidential speech writer Eric Liu, at the Lincoln Center, "Einstein: His Life and Universe," by...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics