Development of Sustainability Model on Road Safety Performance

Oluwole, Arowolo Matthew; bin Abdul Rani, Mat Rebi; Mohd Rohani, Jafri
May 2014
Australian Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences;May2014, Vol. 8 Issue 7, p74
Academic Journal
Background: Road safety and accident occurrences face some of the most difficult sustainability challenges in transportation industries, the benefit of wearing a seat belt in reducing the risk of motor vehicle crash- related fatalities and injuries has been well focused in previous studies. Wearing a seatbelt not only reduces the risk of injury to driver and passengers but also reduces the risk of death. Objective: To conduct a survey with the help of a sustainability model of six contributing factors as driver, vehicle, road, hazard perception, risk taken and driving task to measure road accident with focuses on the driver's factor in the areas of seatbelt compliance, the model developed predicts the rate of seat belt wearing across different age groups among drivers. Results: Age group 18 - 24 years compare to age 45-54 years is less likely to wear seat belt with about 44.4% less, likewise, age group 25 - 35 years is also less likely to wear seat belt compare to age group 45 - 54 years with about 56.7 % less, but age group 36-44 years will be more likely to wear seat belt with 57% significant rate. Multinomial logistic regression analysis of the questionnaire pilot survey of human factors in road accident with different age groups among 35 safety experts in Malaysia suggest that inexperience young drivers, male, single or married of age groups 18 -24, 2 -44 years is less likely to wear seat belt as compare to adult of age group 45 years and above. Conclusion: These findings are necessary and crucial to the development of better interventions to increase the compliance rate of wearing seatbelt by the drivers so as to reduce road accident.


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