TITLE

Screening for colorectal cancer on the front line

AUTHOR(S)
Lemon, Stephenie C.; Zapka, Jane G.; Estabrook, Barbara; Erban, Stephen; Luckmann, Roger
PUB. DATE
April 2003
SOURCE
American Journal of Gastroenterology;Apr2003, Vol. 98 Issue 4, p915
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to assess knowledge, beliefs, and practices of primary care clinicians regarding colorectal cancer screening.: MethodsWe surveyed 77 primary care providers in six clinics in central Massachusetts to evaluate several factors related to colorectal cancer screening.: ResultsMost agreed with guidelines for fecal occult blood test (97%) and sigmoidoscopy (87%), which were reported commonly as usual practice. Although the majority (86%) recommended colonoscopy as a colorectal cancer screening test, it was infrequently reported as usual practice. Also, 36% considered barium enema a colorectal cancer screening option, and it was rarely reported as usual practice. Despite lack of evidence supporting effectiveness, digital rectal examinations and in-office fecal occult blood test were commonly reported as usual practice. However, these were usually reported in combination with a guideline-endorsed testing option. Although only 10% reported that fecal occult blood test/home was frequently refused, 60% reported sigmoidoscopy was. Frequently cited patient barriers to sigmoidoscopy compliance included fear the procedure would hurt and that patients assume symptoms occur if there is a problem. Perceptions of health systems barriers to sigmoidoscopy were less strong.: ConclusionsMost providers recommended guideline-endorsed colorectal cancer screening. However, patient refusal for sigmoidoscopy was common. Results indicate that multiple levels of intervention, including patient and provider education and systems strategies, may help increase prevalence.
ACCESSION #
9658113

 

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