Background of Literary realism and its species in fiction of the world and Iran

Rahmani, Qumars
April 2014
Journal of Applied Sciences Research;Apr2014, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p230
Academic Journal
Realism in a general sense to mean a fundamental interest in the same subject is out of mind and has long preoccupied human thought. Aristotle on the art of poetry, artwork Mimesis is known of the nature. After him; always this thought continued with the ups and downs. Until in the nineteenth century, first in France and then in other countries, a school and a movement arose that sought to consolidate the principles of realism.. Realist writer portrays in the realm of fiction with a compelling psychological tricks, intrinsic and extrinsic motivations, actions of characters in the arena of personal and social lives. In this study after explain the realism, what it means, and what is known as the school of the nineteenth century, realism foundations and structure and important several of it in the fiction review. . The author of that school foothold in Iranian fiction - which begins Sadeq Hedayat - introduces the latter authors in several works of fiction.


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