TITLE

SEROPREVALENCE OF SCRUB TYPHUS AMONG FEBRILE PATIENTS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY

AUTHOR(S)
USHA, K.; KUMAR, E.; KALAWAT, USHA; SIDDHARTHA KUMAR, B.; CHAUDHURY, A.; GOPAL, DVR. SAI
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical & Clinical Research;2014 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, p19
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim: Scrub typhus is a vector borne zoonotic diseases re-emerging in India. But there are no reports from Andhra Pradesh till date due to low index of suspicion and lack of diagnostic facilities. This emphasizes the need for a study on this re-emerging Zoonosis. Methodology: A total of 280 sera samples with pyrexia of unknown origin were screened by using Weil-Felix test, rapid immunochromatographic method and ELISA. Result: Among the tested 280 febrile ill patients, 158 (56.42%) was found to be positive by Weil-Felix test, 163 (58.21%) was positive by ELISA and 160 (57.14%) was positive by immunochromatographic test. Conclusion: By this study it can be inferred that awareness about vector borne zoonotic diseases is crucial. Clinical practice, epidemiological surveys and definite diagnostic tests have to be developed to study this neglected area, since this condition is very much prevalent in this part of the country.
ACCESSION #
96427745

 

Related Articles

  • Scrub typhus and leptospirosis co-infection in Himalayan region. Mahajan, Sanjay K.; Babu, Sharath; Singh, Digvijay; Kanga, Anil; Kaushal, Satinder S. // Tropical Doctor;Jul2012, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p176 

    Scrub typhus and leptospirosis are both zoonosis and systemic febrile illnesses with diverse clinical manifestations and theymay presentwith similar signs and symptoms. We present a case of co-infection of scrub typhus and leptospirosis from Himachal Pradesh in the Himalayan region of India.

  • Scrub Typhus in Himalayas. Mahajan, Sanjay K.; Rolain, Jean-Marc; Kashyap, Rajesh; Bakshi, Diprabhanu; Sharma, Vijay; Prasher, Bhupal Singh; Pal, Lal Singh; Raoult, Didier // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Oct2006, Vol. 12 Issue 10, p1590 

    Himachal Pradesh state of India is situated in the outer Himalayan ranges. During the rainy season, several cases of acute febrile illness of unknown origin occurred. Orientia tsutsugamushi was identified as the causative agent by microimmunofluorescence and PCR. Two new genotypes of O....

  • Scrub Typhus in the Republic of Palau, Micronesia. Durand, A. Mark; Kuartei, Stevenson; Togamae, Ishmael; Sengebau, Maireng; Demma, Linda; Nicholson, William; O'Leary, Michael // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Oct2004, Vol. 10 Issue 10, p1838 

    In October 2001, an outbreak of febrile illness began in the southwest islands group of the Republic of Palau. Through October 2003, a total of 15 southwest islanders experienced fever <39.5°C and abdominal distress, both lasting >7days. Orientia tsutsugamushi, the agent of scrub typhus, was...

  • Serological Diagnosis of Acute Scrub Typhus in Southern India: Evaluation of InBios Scrub Typhus Detect IgM Rapid Test and Comparison with other Serological Tests. ANITHARAJ, VELMURUGAN; STEPHEN, SELVARAJ; PRADEEP, JOTHIMANI; SUNGMAN PARK; SEUNG-HAN KIM; YOUNG JIN KIM; EUN-YE KIM; YOON-WON KIM // Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research;Nov2016, Vol. 10 Issue 11, p7 

    Introduction: Scrub Typhus (ST) is being reported from different parts of India in the recent past. However, the diagnosis and confirmation of ST cases require specific serological and molecular diagnostic tests. Both rapid and conventional ELISA tests need to be properly evaluated. Aim:...

  • Acute undifferentiated febrile illness in adult hospitalized patients: the disease spectrum and diagnostic predictors — an experience from a tertiary care hospital in South India. Chrispal, Anugrah; Boorugu, Harikishan; Gopinath, Kango Gopal; Chandy, Sara; Prakash, John Antony Jude; Thomas, Elsa Mary; Abraham, Asha Mary; Abraham, O. C.; Thomas, Kurien // Tropical Doctor;Oct2010, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p230 

    Local prevalences of individual diseases influence the prioritization of the differential diagnoses of a clinical syndrome of acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AFI).This study was conducted in order to delineate the aetiology of AFI that present to a tertiary hospital in southern India and...

  • Scrub typhus-experience from a South Indian tertiary care hospital. Subbalaxmi, M. V. S.; Chandra, Naval; Teja, V. D.; Lakshmi, Vemu; Rao, M. N.; Raju, Y. S.N. // BMC Infectious Diseases;2012 Supplement, Vol. 12 Issue Supplment 1, p1 

    The article presents a study which examines scrub typhus-experience in 48 patients admitted from a tertiary care hospital in Andhra Pradesh, India. The study analyzed clinical features of patients including fever, positive OX-K Weil Felix test, and scrub typhus diagnosis. The study found the...

  • Seroepidemiology of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in High Risk Professions in Yasuj. Hadinia, Abolghasem; Ilami, Owrang; Mousavizadeh, Ali; Akbartabar Tori, Mahdi; Abdolmajid Khosravani, Seyed // Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (JMUMS);Sep2012, Vol. 22 Issue 92, p44 

    Background and purpose: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a zoonotic disease that has been reported from different parts of Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate the Seroepidemiology of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in high risk professions in Yasuj, Iran. Materials and methods: The...

  • Molecular Characterization of Human Pathogenic Bunyaviruses of the Nyando and Bwamba/Pongola Virus Groups Leads to the Genetic Identification of Mojuí dos Campos and Kaeng Khoi Virus. Groseth, Allison; Mampilli, Veena; Weisend, Carla; Dahlstrom, Eric; Porcella, Stephen F.; Russell, Brandy J.; Tesh, Robert B.; Ebihara, Hideki // PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases;Sep2014, Vol. 8 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Human infection with Bwamba virus (BWAV) and the closely related Pongola virus (PGAV), as well as Nyando virus (NDV), are important causes of febrile illness in Africa. However, despite seroprevalence studies that indicate high rates of infection in many countries, these viruses...

  • Scrub Typhus Seroprevalence in Healthy Indian Population. Sengupta, Mallika; Anandan, Shalini; Daniel, Dolly; Jude Prakash, John Antony // Journal of Clinical & Diagnostic Research;Oct2015, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p1 

    Scrub typhus, a zoonosis caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is an important cause of acute febrile illness in India. This preliminary study determines the seroprevalence of scrub typhus in healthy Indian adults by measuring IgM and IgG antibodies to scrub typhus by ELISA in 100 healthy blood...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics