The use of dietary supplements among older persons in Southern Germany - Results from the KORA-age study

Schwab, S.; Heier, M.; Schneider, A.; Fischer, B.; Huth, C.; Peters, A.; Thorand, Barbara
May 2014
Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging;May2014, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p510
Academic Journal
Objectives: Current population-based surveys in Europe on the prevalence of dietary supplement (DS) use in older individuals are scarce. The aim of the present study was to investigate patterns, prevalence and determinants of non-herbal DS use in aged subjects. Furthermore, the intake amounts of vitamins and minerals from supplements were assessed. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Data on supplement use were available from an age- and sex-stratified random sample of the German population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg)-Age study. Participants: 1,079 persons who were born in or before the year 1943. Measurements: Use of dietary supplements and medications during the last seven days was recorded in a face-to-face interview in 2009. Participants were asked to bring all packages of ingested preparations to the study center. Not only vitamin/mineral supplements, but also non-vitamin non-mineral non-herbal supplements and drugs containing vitamins and minerals were coded as DS. Results: The age-standardized prevalence of DS intake was 54.3% in women and 33.8% in men, respectively. The most commonly supplemented mineral and vitamin, respectively, was magnesium (31.9%) and vitamin D (21.5%) in women and magnesium (18.0%) and vitamin E (12.0%) in men. The highest intakes, compared to the German Dietary Reference Intakes, were reported for biotin, vitamin B and B. Excessive intakes (equal or above the European Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL)) were observed especially for magnesium and vitamin E. 20.2% of the women and 32.5% of the men who took magnesium supplements regularly exceeded the UL for magnesium. In case of vitamin E this was true for 8.0% of the women and 13.6% of the men. Determinants of DS use were sex, education, smoking, physical activity, neurological diseases, and stroke. Conclusion: A high proportion of the general population aged 65 years and older in Southern Germany uses DS, especially supplements containing vitamins/minerals. The supplementation of vitamin D can be regarded as favorable in this age group, whereas the excessive intakes of vitamin E might be a cause of concern.


Related Articles

  • Prevalence and Factors Associated with Methamphetamine Use among Adult Substance Abusers. Barati, Majid; Ahmadpanah, Mohammad; Soltanian, Ali Reza // Journal of Research in Health Sciences;Summer2014, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p221 

    Background: The use of methamphetamine and other drugs among young adults has been a theme of growing interest and concern on the part of researchers and health associations. This paper reports recent use of methamphetamine and its relation with some demographic variables among substance users...

  • Risky road-use behaviour among students at the University of Benha, Egypt. El-Gendy, S.D.; El-Gendy, M.F.; Dawah, A.Y.; Eldesouky, R.S.; Abd El-Raof, M.S. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Feb2015, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p120 

    Road traffic injuries constitute 45% of deaths due to injury in Egypt. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify and investigate risky behaviours regarding road use among university students in Benha. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 953 students. Of the respondents...

  • The effect of age on result of straight leg raising test in patients suffering lumbar disc herniation and sciatica. Tabesh, Homayoun; Tabesh, Ariyan; Fakharian, Esmaeil; Fazel, Mohammadreza; Abrishamkar, Saeid // Journal of Research in Medical Sciences;Feb2015, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p150 

    Background: Ninety percent of all people sometimes during their lives experience low back pain, and 30-40% develops radicular leg pain with the sciatica characteristics. Although for clinical diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) straight leg raising (SLR) test in 85-90% of cases indicates...

  • Rural longitudinal integrated clerkships: changing interests and demographics of medical students. Myhre, Douglas L.; Adamiak, Paul; Woloschuk, Wayne; Donnon, Tyrone // Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine (Joule Inc.);Summer2015, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p83 

    Introduction: The University of Calgary Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (UCLIC) is an integrated curriculum of at least 32 weeks' duration based in rural communities. Rural LICs have been proposed as a method to respond to the needs of underserved rural communities; therefore, assessing...

  • Antenatal Care Attendance, a Surrogate for Pregnancy Outcome? The Case of Kumasi, Ghana. Asundep, Ntui; Jolly, Pauline; Carson, April; Turpin, Cornelius; Zhang, Kui; Tameru, Berhanu // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Jul2014, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1085 

    Antenatal care (ANC) has been shown to influence infant and maternal outcomes. WHO recommends 4 ANC visits for uncomplicated pregnancies. However, pregnant women in Ghana are required to attend 8-13 antenatal visits. We investigated the association of ANC attendance with adverse pregnancy...

  • Practice intentions of clinical associate students at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. Moodley, S. V.; Wolvaardt, L.; Louw, M.; Hugo, J. // Rural & Remote Health;Jul-Sep2014, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p1 

    Introduction: Like those in so many other countries, the South African health system faces a human resources crisis with rural areas most affected. The clinical associate program was initiated to develop a mid-level medical worker specifically for district health in underserved areas in South...

  • Investigating factors of self-care orientation and self-medication use in a Greek rural area. Papakosta, M.; Zavras, D.; Niakas, D. // Rural & Remote Health;Apr-Jun2014, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p1 

    Introduction: Self-care oriented people are more likely to undertake self-care activities in order to treat lay self-diagnosed symptoms and restore their own health without professional assistance. One of these activities is self-medication, which refers to the use of medications without medical...

  • Knowledge of periconceptional folic acid use among pregnant women at Ain Shams University Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Al-Darzi, W.; Al-Mudares, F.; Farah, A.; Ali, A.; Marzouk, D. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Sep2014, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p561 

    Egypt has a high incidence of neural tube defects. Folic acid supplementation in the periconceptional period is known to lower the risk of such defects. This cross-sectional study aimed to measure the level of knowledge about periconceptional folic acid use among pregnant women attending for...

  • Sexual dysfunction and associated factors reported in the postpartum period. de Lima Holanda, Juliana Bento; de Sá Vieira Abuchaim, Erika; Coca, Kelly Pereira; de Vilhena Abrão, Ana Cristina Freitas // Acta Paulista de Enfermagem;Nov/Dec2014, Vol. 27 Issue 6, p573 

    Objective: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with sexual dysfunction in the postpartum period. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 200 postpartum women in their resumption to sexual activity. Data were collected in a private place, through interviews and recorded in forms,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics