Hamermesh, Daniel S.
February 1990
Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Feb90 Special issue, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p121-S
Academic Journal
This study uses detailed time diaries from household surveys for 1975 and 1981 to examine how changes in the use of time on the job affect earnings. Among nonunion workers, the marginal minute of break time apparently increases earnings, but not as much as does the marginal minute of work time. Among union workers, additional time in unscheduled breaks appears to he associated with significantly higher earnings, though other break time is not. The author concludes that further growth in on-the-job leisure would reduce productivity, that monitoring workers would yield returns to the firm, but that entirely eliminating breaks would be counterproductive.


Related Articles

  • MAN on brink of hours accord at Offenbach. Hawkins, Tom // Printing World;11/4/2004, Vol. 288 Issue 7, p14 

    This article reports that MAN Roland Inc. is on the brink of reaching an agreement with union representatives to increase working hours at its loss making Offenbach sheetfed plant and save costs. Talks were ongoing between the press manufacturer's HR department and the workers' council, but a...

  • RMT steps up VCC action.  // Rail Business Intelligence;3/23/2006, Issue 266, p2 

    The article reports on a strike action taken by train managers at Virgin CrossCountry (VCC) in an escalation of a dispute of the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers over payments for Sunday working in Great Britain. The total annual pay remained the same despite a reduction...

  • Schedule a 15-Minute Break Before You Burn Out. Friedman, Ron // Harvard Business Review Digital Articles;8/4/2014, p2 

    The article discusses the importance of taking sporadic breaks during the workday to increase productivity, replenish energy, and improve decision-making and self-control, and mentions how periodic breaks also result in goal reactivation and resistance to distractions.

  • Compensating Wage Differentials for Workplace Accidents: Evidence for Union and Nonunion Workers in the UK. Siebert, W. S.; Wei, X. // Journal of Risk & Uncertainty;Jul1994, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p61 

    This article measures compensating wage differentials for job risks for union and nonunion workers. Job risk is made endogenous to avoid a selectivity bias arising if more able people choose safer jobs. We find that this adjustment has a considerable effect on the union group, raising their...

  • PRESENTEEISM IN FINLAND: DETERMINANTS BY GENDER AND THE SECTOR OF ECONOMY. Böckerman, Petri; Laukkanen, Erkki // Ege Academic Review;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p1007 

    We study the prevalence of sickness presenteeism, using survey data covering 725 Finnish union members in 2008. Controlling for worker characteristics, we find that sickness presenteeism is sensitive to working-time arrangements. Permanent full-time work, mismatch between desired and actual...

  • Save 20 Percent On Labor This Year. Ridilla, Paul // Plumbing & Mechanical;Jan2010, Vol. 27 Issue 11, p56 

    In this article the author offers suggestions for employers in order to increase the productivity and quality of proper eight hour work of employees. The author discusses the simple rule of eight hour wage that entirely depends on eight hour of work. He suggests that employees could leave early...

  • IS LUNCH AND OTHER BREAK TIME PRODUCTIVE IN SWEDEN? A HEDONIC EARNINGS APPROACH. Carlin, Paul S. // Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Jan97, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p324 

    This hedonic earnings analysis suggests that in Sweden in the mid- 1980s, break time was, overall, productive at the margin-a result that contrasts with findings from similar studies using U.S. data. Among workers in "male" jobs, however, break time for meals appears to have been significantly...

  • INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS REVIEW - Rejoinder. Vatter, Harold G. // Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Jan62, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p234 

    The article presents the author's response to comment on his article on hours of labor. The overtime pay arrangement is interpreted as an expression of the inelasticity of the individual's supply curve with respect to income for a significant range of straight-time rates in the zone above some...

  • Union Wage Differentials and the Effects of Industry and Local Union Density: Evidence from the 1980s. CURME, MICHAEL A.; MACPHERSON, DAVID A. // Journal of Labor Research;Fall91, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p419 

    This study finds that the real union-nonunion wage differential has declined only slightly since 1985, a period of falling unionism. The study also finds that, in contrast to earlier research, local (geographic) union density positively affects union and nonunion wages.


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics