Eprosartan: A Review of its Use in the Management of Hypertension

Plosker, G.L.; Foster, R.H.
July 2000
Drugs;Jul2000, Vol. 60 Issue 1, p177
Academic Journal
Eprosartan is a potent and selective angiotensin II subtype 1 receptor antagonist. Results of large (n > 100) randomised double-blind studies in patients with mild, moderate or severe hypertension demonstrated that the antihypertensive efficacy of eprosartan (usually 400 to 800 mg/day as a single daily dose or in 2 divided doses) is significantly greater than that of placebo and at least as good as that of enalapril. In placebo-controlled trials, eprosartan achieved mean reductions from baseline in trough sitting systolic blood pressure of 6.3 to 15mm Hg and in diastolic blood pressure of 4.1 to 9.7mm Hg. Response rates associated with once daily administration of eprosartan 400 to 800mg were approximately double those with placebo. Overall, eprosartan was well tolerated with a similar tolerability profile to that of placebo. In comparative trials, in which the incidence of persistent dry cough was evaluated as the primary end-point, enalapril was several-fold more likely to induce this adverse event than eprosartan (the difference being statistically significant regardless of study population and definition of cough). In conclusion, the angiotensin II receptor antagonist eprosartan is a well tolerated and effective antihypertensive agent that is administered once or twice daily without regard to meals. Eprosartan has a low potential for serious adverse events, and the drug has not been associated with clinically significant drug interactions. Unlike ACE inhibitors such as enalapril, eprosartan does not have a high propensity to cause persistent nonproductive cough. Thus, eprosartan represents a useful therapeutic option in the management of patients with hypertension.


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