Selective harmonic mitigation-pulse-width modulation technique with variable DC-link voltages in single and three-phase cascaded H-bridge inverters

Moeini, Amirhossein; Iman-Eini, Hossein; Bakhshizadeh, Mohamadkazem
April 2014
IET Power Electronics;Apr2014, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p924
Academic Journal
There are different modulation techniques that can be used in medium-voltage and high-power electronic converters, but a few of them provide high efficiency and satisfy power quality requirements. This study presents a modified selective harmonic mitigation pulse-width modulation (SHM-PWM) technique which employs variable DC-link voltages as a degree of freedom in cascaded H-bridge (CHB) inverters. This degree of freedom increases the range of acceptable modulation indices, reduces the number of switching transitions and increases the number of harmonics that can be removed in selective harmonic elimination (SHE) (or SHM) techniques. Hence, in addition to efficiency improvement, a huge number of harmonics can be mitigated in AC side of the converter. Using this approach, triplen harmonics can be restricted to standard limits, in singlephase inverters. In addition, the proposed SHM-PWM approach employs the least number of switching transitions in a fundamental period to limit the specific number of harmonics compared to the alternative SHE or SHM techniques. In this study, the requirements of two well-known grid codes EN 50160 and CIGRE WG 36-05 are well satisfied and the validity of proposed method is verified by several simulations and experiments on a seven-level CHB inverter in single-phase and threephase operating modes.


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