Effect of measurement error on epidemiological studies of environmental and occupational exposures

Armstrong, Ben G.
October 1998
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Oct1998, Vol. 55 Issue 10, p651
Academic Journal
Discusses the effect of measurement errors on epidemiological studies of environmental and occupational exposures. Description of several types of errors developed during epidemiological studies; Reason behind the development of these errors; Methods used to correct these errors.


Related Articles

  • Failure to report has life-threatening result.  // Hospital Employee Health;Oct2012, Vol. 31 Issue 10, p112 

    The article discusses how not reporting infectious disease exposures may result in a lack of treatment and can even have serious, deadly, consequences. It is suggested that there needs be to a sense of urgency in reporting such cases; it's critical for hospitals to alert first responders to...

  • The impact of daily mobility on exposure to traffic-related air pollution and health effect estimates. Setton, Eleanor; Marshall, Julian D; Brauer, Michael; Lundquist, Kathryn R; Hystad, Perry; Keller, Peter; Cloutier-Fisher, Denise // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Jan/Feb2011, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p42 

    Epidemiological studies of traffic-related air pollution typically estimate exposures at residential locations only; however, if study subjects spend time away from home, exposure measurement error, and therefore bias, may be introduced into epidemiological analyses. For two study areas...

  • Study finds work-related asthma not identified by GPs. Paton, Nic // Occupational Health;Nov2012, Vol. 64 Issue 11, p5 

    The article highlights a study published in "Occupational Medicine," that showed people who develop work-related asthma are not correctly diagnosed by general practitioners (GPs) with two-thirds never making full recovery due to delays of being referred to a specialist adviser. It is noted that...

  • Estimating exposures to indoor contaminants using residential dust. Whitehead, Todd; Metayer, Catherine; Buffler, Patricia; Rappaport, Stephen M // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Jan/Feb2013, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p109 

    No abstract available.

  • Efficient measurement error correction with spatially misaligned data. Szpiro, Adam A.; Sheppard, Lianne; Lumley, Thomas // Biostatistics;Oct2011, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p610 

    Association studies in environmental statistics often involve exposure and outcome data that are misaligned in space. A common strategy is to employ a spatial model such as universal kriging to predict exposures at locations with outcome data and then estimate a regression parameter of interest...

  • Estimating the acute health effects of coarse particulate matter accounting for exposure measurement error. Chang, Howard H.; Peng, Roger D.; Dominici, Francesca // Biostatistics;Oct2011, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p637 

    In air pollution epidemiology, there is a growing interest in estimating the health effects of coarse particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter between 2.5 and 10 μm. Coarse PM concentrations can exhibit considerable spatial heterogeneity because the particles travel shorter distances...

  • Not Seeing the Light? Behan, Kieran P.; McGovern, Trudy L.; Dahms, Karyn // Journal of Pharmacy Practice & Research;Sep2010, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p222 

    Background: Aseptic preparation of pharmaceuticals is regularly undertaken by pharmacists and technicians in hospital pharmacy departments. Despite the existence of practice standards and personnel experienced in aseptic preparation, errors can occur which can jeopardise staff safety. Aim: To...

  • Characterization of estrogenicity of phytoestrogens in an endometrial-derived experimental model Beyer, Antje; Frank, Kirsten; Hopert, Anne-Christine; Strunck, Elisabeth; Vollmer, Gunter; Wunsche, Winfried // Environmental Health Perspectives;Sep1998, Vol. 106 Issue 9, p581 

    Severe developmental and reproductive disorders in wild animals havebeen linked to high exposure to persistent environmental chemicals with hormonal activity. These adverse effects of environmental estrogens have raised considerable concern and have received increasing attention. Although...

  • Chlorinated hydrocarbons in women with repeated miscarriages Gerhard, Ingrid; Daniel, Volker; Monga, Bondo; Link, Sonja; Runnebaum, Benno // Environmental Health Perspectives;Oct1998, Vol. 106 Issue 10, p675 

    This study was conducted to investigate a possible etiological role of chlorinated hydrocarbons in the pathogenesis of repeated miscarriages. The blood levels of chlorinated hydrocarbons [CHCs: pentachlorophenol, hexachlorocyclohexane, hexachlorobenzene, the dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics