Magnetic confinement of weakly ionized plasma with superconducting bulk magnets

Matsuzawa, Hidenori; Ohishi, Kazuya; Ishikawa, Kazuhito; Morita, Tomonori; Yoshikawa, Masaaki; Ikuta, Hiroshi; Mizutani, Uichiro
April 2003
Applied Physics Letters;4/28/2003, Vol. 82 Issue 17, p2850
Academic Journal
This letter describes the application of single-domain superconducting bulk magnets as a plasma confinement. A through-hole was drilled at the center of a Sm123 bulk superconductor of 39 mm diameter and 17 mm thickness. When the sample was field cooled to 77 K, the resulting bulk magnet trapped a magnetic field of ∼0.65 T called a magnetic mirror, in the bore of the hole. The magnet was applied to a weakly ionized neon plasma column. Both the magnet and discharge glass tube were immersed in liquid nitrogen. The spatial distribution in the tube of red fluorescence of the plasma showed that the magnet certainly confined the plasma. These results would provide a clue to applications of the compact magnet of strong magnetic field.


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