TITLE

Cadaveric study of anatomical variations of the median nerve and persistent median artery at wrist

AUTHOR(S)
Agarwal, Pawan; Gupta, Shivkant; Yadav, Prashant; Sharma, D.
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery;Jan-Apr2014, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p95
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Awareness of anatomical variations of the median nerve at wrist is important in repair of traumatic injuries and treatments of compression syndrome because in these situations precise dissection of the nerve is mandatory and such variations are not infrequent. Materials and Methods: In this study, 52 hands of 52 fresh cadavers were dissected and median nerve anatomy along with the presence of persistent median artery (PMA) was noted. Results: A total of 26 hands (50%) had the deviation from the standard text book anatomy of the median nerve. There was early division of the median nerve into the medial and lateral branches in 11.53% hands. There was early branching of the 2nd common digital nerve in 9.6% hands. The transligamentous motor branch to the thenar muscle was most prevalent (42.3% hands). The single motor branch to the thenar muscles was found in the majority of hands (84.6%). The PMA was present in 11.53% hands and it was associated with variations in the median nerve anatomy in all cases. Conclusions: This study shows a high percentage of deviation from standard anatomy as well as a high percentage of transligamentous thenar muscle motor branch. The presence of PMA was associated with variations in the median nerve anatomy in all cases. Therefore if PMA is present there are very high chances of associated median nerve anomalies.
ACCESSION #
95552561

 

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