Bolus-chasing contrast-enhanced 3D MRA of the lower extremity. Comparison with intraarterial DSA

Steffens, J. C.; Schäfer, F. K. W.; Oberscheid, B.; Link, J.; Jahnke, T.; Heller, M.; Brossmann, J.; Schäfer, F K W
March 2003
Acta Radiologica;Mar2003, Vol. 44 Issue 2, p185
Academic Journal
journal article
Purpose: To evaluate step-table 3D contrast-enhanced (CE) MRA with bolus chasing for the detection and grading of stenoses in patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) of the lower extremities. Material and Methods: Fifty patients were studied by step-table bolus-chasing 3D-CE-MRA and i.a. DSA within 24 h. After determination of the individual circulation time, CE-MRA was performed during power injection of 40 ml of Gd-DTPA. To cover the whole range between the renal arteries and the feet with three slab locations, the scanner table was manually advanced twice for 350 mm. Total imaging time was 1 min 23 s. The degree of stenosis and image quality of the images were evaluated by 2 observers. In addition, a treatment plan was established based on the 3D-CE-MRA and DSA investigations. Results: In 44 of 50 patients (88%), the visualization of the arterial tree from the renal arteries to the foot was possible. Forty-six of 50 patients (92%) had good or very good image quality. In the calf, 3D-CE-MRA was superior to DSA in 6 patients. For the detection of stenosis >50%, sensitivity was 99.5%, specificity 98.8%, positive predictive value 95.6% and the negative predictive value 99.8%. Cohen's kappa for 3D-CE-MRA vs. DSA was 0.926; for interobserver agreement it was 0.96. Conclusion: Bolus-chasing 3D-CE-MRA with manual table movement is a simple, robust and easy to perform technique which provides high quality angiograms of the lower extremity arterial system and is comparable to, i.a., DSA for the diagnosis of PVD.


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