TITLE

When to use the newer beta-lactam antibiotics

AUTHOR(S)
Rosenfeld, Elaine; Shaughnessy, Allen F.
PUB. DATE
September 1995
SOURCE
Patient Care;9/15/1995, Vol. 29 Issue 14, p119
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Studies the use of the new beta-lactam antibiotics and some third generation cephalosporin drugs. Brief on the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium; Description of oral agents Cefixime, Cefpodoxime proxetil, Cefprozil and Loracarbef, and parental agents Ceftazidine, Aztreonam, Imipenem/cilastatin sodium, Piperacillin sodium/tazobactum sodium; Details of uses of these drugs; Results of their clinical trials, dosage and side effects.
ACCESSION #
9510136597

 

Related Articles

  • oxyimino beta lactam antibiotic.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p1673 

    A definition of the term "oxyimino beta lactam antibiotic" is presented, which refers to a generation of cephalosporin.

  • Appropriate Prescribing of Oral Beta-Lactam Antibiotics. Holten, Keith B. // American Family Physician;8/1/2000, Vol. 62 Issue 3, p611 

    Beta-lactam antibiotics include penicillins, cephalosporins and related compounds. As a group, these drugs are active against many gram-positive, gram-negative and anaerobic organisms. Information based on "expert opinion" and antimicrobial susceptibility testing supports certain antibiotic...

  • Nephrotoxicity of beta-lactam antibiotics: mechanisms and strategies for prevention. Tune, Bruce M. // Pediatric Nephrology;1997, Vol. 11 Issue 6, p768 

    The nephrotoxic beta-lactam antibiotics cause acute proximal tubular necrosis. Significant renal toxicity, which has been rare with the penicillins and uncommon with the cephalosporins, is a greater risk with the penems. Mechanisms of injury include: (1) transport into the tubular cell, mainly...

  • Continuous Infusion of β-Lactam Antibiotics. MacGowan, A.P.; Bowker, K.E. // Clinical Pharmacokinetics;1998, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p391 

    There are considerable laboratory data and information from animal and continuous culture in vitro models to support continuous infusion therapy for penicillins and cephalosporins, but, as yet, the only existing clinical data relate to cephalosporins. Penicillins do not exert...

  • Feasibility study of veterinary antibiotic consumption in Germany - comparison of ADDs and UDDs by animal production type, antimicrobial class and indication. Merle, Roswitha; Robanus, Matthias; Hegger-Gravenhorst, Christine; Mollenhauer, Yvonne; Hajek, Peter; Honscha, Walther; Kreienbrock, Lothar; Käsbohrer, Annemarie // BMC Veterinary Research;2014, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Within a feasibility study the use of antibiotics in pigs and cattle was determined in 24 veterinary practices in Lower Saxony and on 66 farms in North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. Focus was laid on the comparison of the Used Daily Doses (UDD) (dose per animal and day prescribed by...

  • Ionometric determination of cefotaxime in biological media. Kulapina, O.; Baraguzina, V.; Skoblikova, N. // Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal;Mar2008, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p150 

    Ion-selective electrodes based on ion exchangers of tetradecylammonium (TDA) with cefotaxime (claforan) anions have been developed. The proposed electrodes are sensitive to cephalosporins in the concentration range from 1 × 10− 5 to 1 × 10− 1 M. The time for establishing a...

  • beta-lactam antibiotics. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p97 

    An encyclopedia entry for "beta-lactam antibiotics" is presented. It refers to a group of antibiotic drugs such as penicillins and the cephalosporins. These drugs work by altering chemical activity in bacteria thereby killing them.

  • Treatment with Sequential Intravenous or Oral Moxifloxacin Was Associated with Faster Clinical Improvement than Was Standard Therapy for Hospitalized Patients with Community-Acquired Pneumonia Who Received Initial Parenteral Therapy. Welte, Tobias; Petermann, Wolfgang; Schuermann, Dirk; Thomas Bauer, Torsten; Reimnitz, Peter // Clinical Infectious Diseases;12/15/2005, Vol. 41 Issue 12, p1697 

    Background. Although third-generation cephalosporins, such as ceftriaxone (CTRX), and pneumococcal fluoroquinolones, such as moxifloxacin (MXF), are currently recommended first-line antibiotics for empirical treatment of inpatients with community-acquired pneumonia, CTRX and MXF have never...

  • Designing New �-Lactams: Implications from Their Targets, Resistance Factors and Synthesizing Enzymes. Kian-Sim Goo; Tiow-Suan Sim // Current Computer-Aided Drug Design;Mar2011, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p53 

    Penicillins and cephalosporins are ?-lactam antibiotics widely used to treat bacterial infectious diseases. They mainly target the cell wall biosynthesis pathway to inhibit bacterial growth. The targets, known as penicillin-binding proteins, are enzymes involved in the polymerization of glycan...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics