TITLE

The Association between Self-Care and Control of Blood Sugar and Health-related Quality of Life in Type II Diabetes Patients

AUTHOR(S)
Shayeghian, Z.; Aguilar-Vafaie, M.; Besharat, M. A.; Amiri, P.; Parvin, M.; Roohi Gillani, K.
PUB. DATE
March 2014
SOURCE
Iranian Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism;2014, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p545
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Diabetes is a complex and chronic disease associated with patients' quality of life. Previous studies have considered self-care as an important and necessary parameter for changing personal lifestyle and influencing the control of diabetes. The purpose of present study was to examine the relationship between self care activities of type 2 diabetic patients' and glycated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c) as well as their perceived diabetes-related quality of life. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study 100 (60 females and 40 males, aged 40 to 70 years) type 2 diabetic out-patients visiting the Labbafinejad hospital in 2012. Measures of data collection included demographic, anthropometric and clinical questionnaires, the short scale for self-care activities and the diabetes-related quality of life. Blood tests were performed to obtain HbA1c levels and other laboratory measures related to the study. Results: Pearson's correlation coefficients showed a significant association between better reported self-care activities and lower HbA1c levels along with better perceived diabetes-dependent quality of life. Results of regression analyses, after control of age indicated that self-care activities explained 40% of HbA1c variance and 58% of quality of life. Conclusions: Based on the present data, diabetes-related self care predicted HbA1c levels and diabetes-dependent perceived quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes, results that draw attention to the psychological factors effective in the prevention of diabetes complications and hence help in the conceptualization, planning and design of treatment policies for more effective control of type 2 diabetes.
ACCESSION #
95099638

 

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