Macronutrient Intakes among Adult Hispanics: A Comparison of Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans and Mainland Puerto Ricans

Loria, Catherine M.; Bush, Trudy L.; Carroll, Margaret D.; Looker, Anne C.; McDowell, Margaret A.; Johnson, Clifford L.; Sempos, Christopher T.
May 1995
American Journal of Public Health;May95, Vol. 85 Issue 5, p684
Academic Journal
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to compare energy and macronutrient intakes between adult Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, mainland Puerto Ricans, and non-Hispanics. Methods. Age-specific mean intakes were estimated based on 24-hour recalls from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES) (1982 tio 1984) and the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II) (1976 to 1980) and were compared with the use of t tests. Results. Mexican Americans had higher total fat, saturated fat, and monounsaturated fat intakes than did Puerto Ricans and older Cuban Americans. Cuban Americans and Puerto Ricans had similar intakes, except foryounger Cuban Americans, who had higher total and saturated fat and lower carbohydrate and protein intakes were higher among Hispanic groups compared with those among non-Hispanics while total fat intakes were generally lower. Conclusions. Since macronutrient intakes differ between Hispanic groups, dietary research, recommendations and interventions should be targeted to each group individually. Older Puerto Rican and Cuban American adults met population guidelines for reducing chronic disease risk for more macronutrients than any other group.


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